Walker Journal, Book 2









From September 22, 1849, to June 25, 1854









From September 22, 1849, to June 25, 1854.


Diary–Hiatus from September 22, 1849, till

Friday, 30.–This day I received the book on which I am now writing, which was kindly sent to me by Brother Joel from St. Louis. Rev. Thomas A. Green from Ohio arrived here on the 20th inst., who is traveling for his health.


Saturday, 1.–Mr Green set out with Rev. B. H. Russel to Platte.

Sunday, 2.–Went to Kansas. A “Bogus” manufacturer [was] arrested having $78. of the coin in his possession. He was acquitted as such characters generally are, and escaped unwhipt.

Wednesday, 12.–Rented my Store House to a Mr French of Independence, at $12. pr month. Possession to be given when certain repairs are made.

Thursday, 13.–Made arrangements for the repairs and

1) On account of lack of space in this volume, it was necessary to omit very much from the second book of Governor Walker’s Journals.


came home. But the infamous villain and his more infamous tool, Ross, swindled me out of the rent.

Thursday, 20.–Went to attend a special session of the Council.

Sunday 23.–Went to church. Sermon by Mr. Stateler. He and his lady with Mr Scarritt came home with us and dined.

Monday, 24.–Employed John Big-Sinew and his cousin to cut wood. Issued License for the marriage of Samuel Big-Sinew to a Miss Clarrissa Carpenter.1


JANUARY, 1850.

Wednesday, 23.–Hauled wood all day and at night went to Capt. Bullhead’s.2 Came home in the rain.

Monday, 28.–Attended a night session of the Council

1) The following is a copy of the license, together with the return of the minister endorsed thereon. I obtained the original in the Indian Territory:


“Permission is hereby granted to any clergyman, magistrate or any person duly authorized to solemnize the rites of matrimony, to unite by marriage Sanuel [sic] Bigsinew to Clarissa Carpenter and due return make of the same to this office within thirty days. Given under my baud and seal day and date above written.

(Signed) WM. WALKER,

“Clerk to the Council, pro tem.

This is to Certify that I joined together in matrimony Mr. Samuel Bigsinew and Miss Clarissa Carpenter at the home of Isaac Zane on the 25th of Dec 1849

(Signed) B. H. RUSSELL

Minister of the Gospel

“Returned for Record Dec 26 1849”

2) Captain Bull-Head belonged to the Porcupine Clan of the Wyandots. He had two Wyandot names. The first was Ohn-dooh’-tooh, the meaning of which is lost. The second was Stih-yeh’-stah, and means “carrying bark,” that is, as the porcupine carries in his mouth the bark which he strips from the northern hemlock for his food. Captain Bull-Head was spoken of as the only full-blood Wyandot that came West with the tribe, but he was not a full-blood. He was of the purest blood of any of the tribe, but he was part French. There was not a single full-blood in the Wyandot Nation in the West. The last full-blood Wyandot died in Canada about the year 1820. His name was Yah-nyah’-meh-deh.

Captain Bull-Head was a taciturn, morose man. He served in the British army in the war of 1812. He carried with him always a peculiar knife with a blade about four inches wide and twelve or fifteen inches long. This knife he carried in a brass scabbard which was swung over his right shoulder and under his left arm by a brass chain. He was a man of great intelligence and well informed in the history and traditions of his people. Governor Walker often consulted him on these subjects. He died in Wyandotte County, Kansas.


and made the necessary preparation for the National Convention which was to meet the next day.

Tuesday, 29.–The National Convention met and I was requested to act as Chairman. The Laws enacted by the Legislative Committtee were proclaimed–the appropriation bill for this year was reported. The question of our emigration to Min[n]esota1 was submitted and after a warm discussion the vote was taken and resulted, for emigration 5 votes. Against, 72. The question of dissolving the fund from which we draw our annuity was next submitted and warmly debated till sun set, when, on motion of Esq. Gray Eyes it was postponed till next Tuesday. The convention adj’d.


Friday, 8.–Clear and frosty morning. A warm spring day. Wrote to J. Walker. Attended the special session of the Council. Discharged Geo. Coke from Jail, [he] having served out his twelve months imprisonment. The Council addressed a comn to the Deputation at Washington. After doing up sundry things, adjourned. I came home “an hungered” and dined.

Friday, 22.–Clear and cold morning. Mrs W. went to K. Mr H. M. Northrup2 called to-day. He reports that

1) The Wyandots had an extensive and intimate acquaintance with the Northern tribes and this made some of the tribe wish to go North. The discussion of the possibility of their going to Minnesota did not cease until after Tauromee secured the present Reservation from the Senecas in the Indian Territory.

2) Hiram Milton Northrup, only son of Andrus Bishop and Martha (McHenry) Northrup, was born in Olean, Cattaraugus County, New York, June 4, 1818. He was a man of energy and enterprise. His first work towards self-support was as a clerk in a store then he taught a district school. He went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and engaged in boat; [sic] building. From there he went to some point in Alabama and engaged in the mercantile business, and failed. From Alabama he came to Westport, Mo., and engaged in the Santa Fe trade, and was successful. Here he became acquainted with the Wyandots. He paid court “with matrimonial intentions” to one of their best looking girls, Margaret Clark, daughter of Thomas Clark, who was the brother of George I. Clark, and a grandson of Chief Adam Brown. Miss Clark could speak but little English and the courtship had to be carried on by aid of interpreters, and old Wyandots relate many amusing incidents connected with it. They were married at the Methodist Church on the banks of Jersey Creek, November 27, 1845. Mr. Northrup’s business increased. He,


great preparations are making at the “Dutch Reformed Church,”–i. e., the “Union Hotel” to celebrate the advent of the father of his country, by a Birth night Ball. “Vive la Bagatelle!”

Saturday, 23.–Ah! pauvre moi! I am again visited with that pest of this country, sore eyes. It is nearly a year ago since I was first attacked, and [I] was blind for three months and recovered, and now here I have it again in full fruition.

Monday, 25.–Beautiful spring morning. Went to town and staid till evening. Transacted some public business. Proved that the United States stole James Big-Tree’s horse.

Tuesday, 26.–We have heard of the finale of the great Birth-night Ball at the “Dutch Reformed Church.” It appears to have been a failure. The Ladies having taken umbrage at the ungallant conduct of the Managers, refused to honor them with their presence. Thereupon, the Landlord and Managers got drunk–most royally so, in order to be avenged on the refractory ladies. The Landlord to show his indignation, made a perfect mash of the supper table and all the good things that were placed thereon. Even the “Saur Kraut” was not spared. It is supposed the dapper Land-

had a partner and the firm was Northrup & Chick. Joel Walker was associated with Northrup & Chick for some time, and the firm was Walker, Northrup & Chick. Northrup & Chick went to New York and established a banking house, which was prosperous until the panic of 1873, when it failed. Mr. Northrup returned to Wyandotte, Kansas, and established the banking house of Northrup & Son. The large tract of land allotted to Mr. Northrup by the Wyandots was in the heart of what is now Kansas City, Kansas, and its increase in value caused by the growth of Kansas City, made him more than a millionaire. He died March 22, 1893. The panic of that year caused the failure of his bank and this involved his estate, and much litigation followed which almost consumed the great estate he left. He was a kind-hearted and charitable man and gave away thousands of dollars to help the poor, especially poor Wyandots. He was utterly incapable of resisting any reasonable appeal of a charity that had merit. He was one of the founders of Kansas City, Mo., and her great commerce has its foundations in his efforts. He was a pioneer, merchant, trader, and banker. His history is the history of the success of Kansas City, which, as a great mark includes all the cities about the mouth of the Kansas River.

Of his marriage to Margaret Clark (who was born August 28, 1828, and died June 28, 1887) were born: 1. Milton, born October 5, 1846; 2. Andrus Bishop, born April 27, 1849, died January 7, 1892; 3. Thomas Clark, born December 27, 1851, died October 10, 1876; 4. McHenry, born November 5, 1854, died December 1, 1857.


lady, was “brimful of wrath and cabbage” at the conduct of her hopeful husband, boxed his ears and sent him to bed.

MARCH, 1850.

Thursday, 7.–Clear, frosty morning. Warm day.

I am anxious to get my mail; but what good will it do me when I am so nearly blind as to be unable to read?1

Tuesday, 12.–We had a fair specimen of a Missouri squall last night.

“The wind blew as ‘twad blawn her last;

The rattling show’rs rose on the blast;

The speedy gleams the darkness swallow’d.

Loud, deep and long the thunder bellow’d;

That night, a child might understand,

The de’il had business on his hand.”

Cloudy, but pleasant. To-day the Council meets to attend to the important affairs of State.

Came home from the Council after dark, hungry and fatigued, after having disposed of various important State affairs, and sent a fellow to the Calaboose for 24 hours for disturbing a religious meeting.

Wednesday, 13.–High winds all night. Bright and clear morning.

Went to town to bring home a runaway Cow; but Oh! the trouble and vexation I encountered! After much tribulation I succeeded in getting her home. She was so poor and squalid that, “the lowing of the kine” was not heard by the neighbors living on the road. This is the cow Dr. Hewitt rated at $25. She is hardly worth as many cents.

Warm and pleasant day, but windy.

Rec’d no mail from the East. A great dearth of news. We know no more of the doings of our wise and patriotic

1) Many of the Wyandots suffered from inflammation of the eyes when they came West. Old Wyandots often speak of it. They attributed the disease to the sandy soil and the high winds–sandstorms. Many of them lost their sight entirely. The Council gave pensions to the old people that became blind.


Congress than if they were in session in the palace of Chang Chaufoo, in China.1

Friday, 15.–Last night Miss Maria Monk came in glad possession of an interesting little Monk. The event had been looked for with much interest. It is a beautiful specimen of the horned breed, having upon its body all the varied colors of the Rainbow. Who the favored father of this young kine may be, it is hard to conjecture; and Maria pertinaciously refuses to tell. Albeit, she, like her great namesake of Hotel Dieu memory, was never considered as chaste as a vestal.

Enlarged my meadow and hauled some more wood.

Sunday, 17.–”St. Patrick’s day in the morning.” Cloudy and cold. Went to Church and heard a sermon from Rev. Mr Jameison. A good performance. Went to church in the evening and interpreted a sermon for Mr Stateler.

Monday, 18.–Clear, cold and frosty morning. Prospect of a warm and pleasant day.

Went to Kansas. Learned that our Missouri boys were doing well in “Refining” the dust; but at the same time discouraged their friends from the “Experiment” of “digging.”2

APRIL, 1850.

Monday, 8.–Mrs W. gone to Kawzas.3 Cholera at St. Joseph. So, it seems we are to be visited with that scourge of the human race, again this season.

Thursday, 11.–Finished my experiment in Budding fruit

1) One of the inconveniences of the country in those days was the lack of mail facilities. Governor Walker wished to know what was transpiring, and complains bitterly of the inefficient services rendered by the mail contractors. And now the uniformed mail deliverer passes the site of his home two or three times each day and brings the mail to the door!

2) In the gold fields of California.

3) One of the ways of writing Kansas; it more nearly represents the pronunciation of the name as used by the Kaw Indians than the spelling of the present, but it is no longer used.


trees, having set 40 buds, all of the apple. Ploughed my potato patch. One of the Standingstones burned to death last night near Kansas, in a drunken frolic. Major Moseley returned from St. Louis to-day.

Saturday, 13.–Cold windy morning: wind from the North.

Went to Kansas to attend to some business, meantime the Steamer “Pride of the West” landed well laden with California emigrants; all intent upon their pursuit of “filthy lucre”–strange as it may appear, yet it is nevertheless true that, notwithstanding the admonition of the pious Apostle to beware of this “Root of all evil,” yet “Saint and sinner” are eagerly and “hot foot” in pursuit of it. Alas! for the degeneracy of the times!

Sunday, 14.–Cold and windy morning. Saddled up Cato and rode out a half mile and back.

I have been so often perplexed, when speaking of the “Southampton insurrection,” to recall the name of the leader, that I now record his name, NAT TURNER. He was a preacher. A superstitious enthusiast.

MAY, 1850.

Tuesday, 14.–This is the day the Wyandott Convention adjourned to. At 12 o’clock, meridian, the president called the Convention to order and the discussion was resumed and continued with much animation till five o’clock when the vote was called for loudly. M. R. Walker and Silas Armstrong1 were appointed tellers. The vote stood,

1) Silas Armstrong, the eldest son of Robert and Sarah (Zane) Armstrong, was born June 3, 1810. He was a man of enterprise and capable of managing large affairs. He was the energetic manager of the removal of the Wyandots to the West. He was a merchant, saw-mill owner and operator, land speculator and farmer; and successful in all these pursuits. His home was near the intersection of Fifth Street and Minnesota avenue, Kansas City, Kan.

Of his marriage, October 8, 1832, with Sarah Preston (who was born in 1811), were born: 1. Tabitha, born February 6, 1834, married E. T. Vedder, August 5, 1856; Vedder died in January, 1867; married Seymour Thorn a (who was born in New York in 1840),


for the treaty, 63. Against it 20. Seven or eight not voting. Carried.

Wednesday, 15.–This day Mr Abelard Guthrie and Company set [out] for California. Health and success attend them.

Tuesday, 21.–Attended the session of the Council, made out the pay roll. Confirmed the right of H. M. Northrup to citizenship. Mrs Hannah Zane,1 late of Ohio, and Mrs Nancy Garrett2 were also admitted. George Wright3

in 1870; 2. Robert, born August 19, 1835, drowned in the Kansas River, July 15, 1858; 3. Caroline, born in December, 1837; 4. Winfield Scott, born December 1, 1840; 5. Silas, born February 1, 1842. Sarah (Preston) Armstrong died February 9, 1842.

Silas Armstrong and Zelinda M. Hunter (who was born December 3, 1820), were married — (have not been able to learn the date). Of this marriage were born: 1. Catherine, born June 15, 1843, married — — Shaffenberg; 2. Duncin, born January 23, 1849, died February 22, 1850; 3. Minarrh C., born July 12, 1846; 4. McIntyre, born July 15, 1852; 5. Elizabeth U., born November 27, 1854; 6. Antoinette, born February 15, 1858, married T. B. Barnes, died October 2, 1882; 7. Naomi, born August 10, 1861. Zelinda M. Armstrong died February 10, 1883. Silas Armstrong died December 14, 1865. He is buried in Huron Place Cemetery. The granite monument over his grave is the best in that historic burial ground. The following is copied from its northeast face:

(Figure of Ark and Anchor.)

Silas Armstrong

Died December 14, 1865.

Aged 55 ys 11 Mos 11 Ds.

The Pioneer of the Wyandott

Indians To The Kansas Valley

In 1842. The Leading Man and

Constant Friend of The Indians

A Devout Christian and Good Mason

He Leaves The Craft on Earth and

Goes With Joy to the Great Architect.

I once asked S. S. Sharp to describe the funeral of Silas Armstrong. He replied: I never saw before nor since such a funeral as that. Many white people were present and a thousand Indians were there, all crying at the same time.”

1) She was the widow of Isaac Zane. Born in Virginia. She is buried in Huron Place Cemetery. Died November 14, 1886, aged 92 years.

2) Widow of George Garrett; Governor Walker’s sister.

3) A most remarkable man of great intelligence. He lives on Sycamore Creek in the Wyandot Reserve, near Seneca, Mo., where he settled in 1856. His grandmother was captured by the French in Guinea, Africa. She and other children were playing about the outskirts of a negro village. Suddenly the cry was raised that denoted an attack. The children fled, but this little girl was unable to hold way with the larger ones. She was but six years old, and very small for that age. She was captured by the pursuers, who proved to be a party of French slavers. They carried her to the Martinique Islands, where they kept her for sometime. Here there were many other negroes. After some time she was placed on board a ship which was loaded with her people. Sails were set and the vessel stood out to sea. None of the negroes had any idea of their ul-


and Lewis Clark’s names were placed upon the pay roll, but with the understanding that they are not, by this act, acknowledged as having equal rights with the others. Their relative position to be defined when the treaty goes into effect.

Saturday, 25.–Excessively warm. Closed the Annuity payment to-day. Glad of it. Vexatious and perplexing. This may be the last semi-Annuity we will receive from the United States, for, if the President and Senate should confirm our treaty it will certainly be the last. As after that event we Wyandotts will become citizens of Uncle Sam’s States. A truly new era in the history of the Wyandott Nation.

Sunday, 26.–Cloudy and at short intervals, scattering drops of rain. The air pure and bracing. Wrote a letter to Governor King upon the subject of a scamp of an alien holding the office of Justice of the Peace in C—– County.

timate destination. When the ship had been at sea a few days it was attacked by the English and captured. The English ship was a slave cruiser and her crew put the French to the sword. Then they carried the negroes to America. At Philadelphia they sold Wright’s grandmother to a Delaware Indian.

She was both slave and wife to the Delaware. Wright’s mother was born to her while she was the wife and chattel of the Indian. Sometime during the War of the Revolution this Delaware sold his slave and her daughter to a Wyandot Chief named Rontondee or Warpole. (Rohn’-tohn-deh signifies round in form like a tree trunk.) In the year 1800 they were adopted by the Wyandots. Soon after the adoption the daughter was married to a St. Regis Seneca, Wright’s father.

Wright remembers his grandmother well. He heard her often tell the foregoing account of her life. He was born at Upper Sandusky, March 20, 1812. His hair is long and straight, and somewhat gray; he has a long straight beard. In feature he resembles a Hindoo. His health is good but he is almost blind. He has the negro’s love for music and plays on a violin which he has owned for fifty years.

Wright came to Wyandotte County, Kansas, from Upper Sandusky, in 1850. In 1856 he went to the Senecas in the Indian Territory and settled on Sycamore Creek, where he now lives. This part of the Seneca land was afterwards sold to the Wyandots. Wright was then readopted by the Wyandots and given an allotment of 160 acres of land, which includes his home. He was the official interpreter of the United States for the Senecas, and also for the Shawnees, for sixteen years. He speaks perfect Wyandot, Shawnee, and Seneca, His English is good, much better than is generally spoken by men in his station. His mind is vigorous and his ideas clear and orderly. His discourse is logical, and well arranged. He is a ready speaker and does not hesitate for words.


Sunday, 2.–Just heard of the death of Robert Lattimore in California. “ALAS! POOR YORRICK!” thou art done with, thy games of chance. It is no longer thy “deal”: thou hast turned up thy last trump, and it is greatly to be feared thou hast been euchered at last. Oh Hoyle! one of thy devotees has “shuffled off this mortal coil.”

Tuesday, 4.–Just heard of an onslaught by the Pawnees upon the Pottowattomies in which the latter repulsed their assailants with the death of their leader. It will end here–there will be no more of it hereafter.

No mail! the usual excuse, “the Blue is up.” Yes, and so is Turkey Creek; but horsemen and pedestrians can pass and repass “without let or hindrance.” But “the Blue is up” and the mail contractor on dry land. He is terribly diseased with the Hydrophobia, and has a great dread of the waters of “the Blue.” I wish he were blue himself and in the midst of his blueness thrown into the Blue.

Pretty fair prospect of some more rain. Let it come and welcome. ‘Twill be a blessing, not in disguise, but in its proper guise. Attended the session of the Council. A beautiful shower came on. Came home drenched. All right. A little more of the same kind.

Friday, 7.–Just learned that Capt. Ketchum, the Chief of the Delawares, had informed our Chief that a band of Pawnees had attacked the Pottowattomies and were repulsed and that one had been captured and six scalps had been found in his possession, supposed to have been taken from some California emigrants.1

Tuesday, 11.–Attended Council. A committee appointed by a meeting of the people called upon the Council re-

1) The Pawnees hung upon the trail of the caravans bound for California. Any weak party was almost sure to be attacked.


questing a convention to consider whether the Wyandotts coming from Ohio are to be received as equal participants in the provisions of the late treaty.1 The Council agreed to the request and fixed upon next Tuesday as the day of meeting.

Saturday, 15.–Attended a National Council called by the Chief upon the claim of several Ohio Wyandotts. After an exciting discussion the whole matter was adjourned till after the ratification of the treaty. Mr Z. McColloch, one of the claimants, being much chagrined at the result. He called in the evening at my house and asked the loan of the treaty in order to copy some portions of it, but I refer’d him to the Council. The principal Chief and J. Walker refused it, on the ground that it would be a violation of the injunction of secrecy, the President and Senate not having acted upon it yet. So Mr McColloch left–disappointed and mortified.

Sunday, 23.–Called upon the Major’s family. Read his newspapers. In the St. Louis Republican an article appeared over the signature of ‘Soo-no-ree-zhue” attacking the Bishops of the M. E. Church, South, and the Church generally.–A scurrilous thing. I instantly responded, over the signature of ‘CATHOLIC.’2

Friday, 28.–Went to Kansas with the team for some provisions. Had much difficulty in crossing Turkey Creek.3 One death in Kansas from Cholera–Mr Walrond’s black boy, Arch. Got home safe with my freight.

JULY, 1850.

Friday, 5.–Mr Tacket came over after Mr Russel to at-

1) A considerable number of Wyandots remained in Ohio, and never removed West.

2) Only another incident in the Church division and the strife and bitterness engendered by it.

3) See former notes stating that Turkey Creek emptied into the Missouri River at that time.


tend the dying moments of Dr. Fulton, who was taken with that fell destroyer, Cholera [at] 3 o’clock this morning.

Mr R. returned and reported the Dr. dying. Therm. 96o.

[Dr. F.] Died at 12 M. and was buried at 5 P. M.

Saturday, 6.–Prospect of another warm day. Clear. The sun looks angry and lurid. Called upon Major Moseley’s family and found Mrs M. sick–prepared some medicines.

The Cholera has caused some of the citizens of Kansas to flee. This is folly.

Monday, 15.–Just beard of the death of President Taylor, [he] having died of Cholera on the 11th inst. Can this be true?

To-day the Annual nominations for principal Chief and members of the Council took place:

James Washington [against] Tauroomee, was nominated.

G. I. Clark    “        J. T. Charloe,                “

J. D. Brown   “        J. W. Gray Eyes,    “

M. Mudeater “        D. Young,            “

G. I. Clark was then nominated for Principal Chief to run against F. A. Hicks. James Rankin was then nominated to oppose J. T. Charloe.

The nominations having been completed, the Convention adjourned.

Thursday, 18.–Rose at daylight, had an early breakfast, geared up the team, loaded up the wagon with all the necessary “outfit,” such as provisions, bedding, marquee, etc., and at 7 o’clock our folks set out for the Eutau Springs, under the conduct of Samuel Rankin. I accompanied them as far as Kansas. A pleasant journey to them.

Friday, 19.–Cut out a nearer road to town. 2 o’clock P. M. 92o.

Much speculation as to the author of “Catholic” in the Missouri Republican.


Bad news. Just heard that Geo. Armstrong, Tall Charles and several others had returned from the Eutau Springs and they report that the springs were dried up–that country, having suffered the parching influence of a rigorous drought. So our folks will have their journey for naught.

Saturday, 20.–Clear and warm. Went to Kansas, and on my way found the ferry boat at Turkey Creek sunk. After hard labor (and I bearing the principal part) we succeeded in getting her afloat: then commenced the process of bailing with an old tin Kittle with as many holes as it had seen years and their name was “Legion.”

Tuesday, 23.–Therm. 98o. In the evening a part of our folks returned from the Eutau Springs, (as already stated, they were dried up,) leaving Mr Gilmore and Martha with Mr Dickson to ruralize in the cold water Grove.

AUGUST, 1850.

Tuesday, 13.–To-day the Wyandott National election comes off.

The result of the National election:

James Washington’s       majority       21

James Rankin’s     “                 4

J. W. Gray Eyes’     “                 5

M. Mudeater’s                 “                 21

For Principal Chief, G. I. Clark’s majority  31

The Legislative Committee for this year stands thus:

J. M. Armstrong, John Arms, M. R. Walker, H. M. Northrup and William Walker. Therm. 108o.

To-day Jacob Warpole was found near F. Tremble’s having severe cuts and bruises on his bead, in an insensible state. So much for the sports of the Circus.

Wednesday, 14.–Jacob Warpole1 died of his wounds this

1) Son of Rontondee or Warpole, known as Henry Warpole. Rontondee in buried in Huron place Cemetery. He died November 17, 1843, aged 68 years. He was the son


morning. Peter Vieu, being suspected as the murderer, a warrant was issued, on the affidavit of J. W. Gray Eyes and he was arrested and the examining trial set for Friday.

Thursday, 15.–Went to Kansas to hunt up testimony in the murder case. Came home somewhat indisposed.

Friday, 16.–Went to Kansas again in company with Major Moseley and the Council to attend the trial of Peter Vieu. He had employed Col. R. C. Smart to defend him and the Council employed Mr Hereford to prosecute. After the examination of a large number of witnesses, the defendant was discharged. Came home late in the evening.

Sunday, 25.–Went to church. Mr Shaler having no interpreter, Deacon Hicks held forth in an impressive address.

Tuesday, 27.–Cloudy and cool. Ground the scythe and set the old truant to work. Went to the Council and heard the inaugural address of Geo I. Clark, the Principal Chief.

The address was appropriate and marked with sound political principles; but there was a barrenness and jejuneness in his language, unsuited to the occasion.

OCTOBER, 1850.

Tuesday, 22.–Went to town. Mrs W. went to Kansas and got my mail.

The Wyandott Treaty ratified with various amendments and alterations, but the main and vital part is there. All we wanted.1

The Sheriff arrested Boyd Peacock for stealing goods

of the famous Chief Rontondee. When Wyandott City was first platted a street was named Warpole street in his honor, but the City Council, composed of men ignorant of the City’s history, changed it into something else. The old name should be restored.

1) See Revision of Indian Treaties, 1021. It cost the Wyandots almost $40,000 for an attorney to make the treaty. The money was paid to one Reed. There was bad management somewhere, for the Government owed the money obtained by the treaty, and would have paid it without cost to the Wyandots. There was much dissatisfaction in the tribe about the amount of this fee, and some talk about it in Congress, but the scoundrel got safely away with his money.


from G. B. Dameron, and committed to Jail, to be surrendered to the officers of the State.


Saturday, 2.–Went to Kansas to attend a Law suit, but had no trial owing to informality in my papers. “I’ll pick my flint and try again.” 1

Friday, 8.–Our Wyandotts are traveling off to New Madrid to hunt. “The ruling passion strong in death.”

Saturday, 23.–Clear frosty morning. Engaged in making out the Wyandott Pay Roll, preparatory to the annuity payment.

Mr James H. Forsythe of Maumee, Ohio, accompanied by Joel Walker, called upon me. He is direct from Washington. He made explanation in regard to the ratification of only a part of our treaty with the Gov’t. The officers of the Indian Department, and especially the Indian Agents and Sub-Agents in the West, made a general but covert and insidious attack upon it. It was “gall and wormwood” to them. “Cause why?” Their bread and butter was in imminent peril. For their own special benefit the Indians must be kept in statu quo.2

Sunday, 8.–Had nothing from the Post office since last Monday–a dearth of news. This afternoon P. D. Clark3 came and dined with us–all the company we have had to-day.

Tuesday, 10.–At night I received a note from J. M.

1) An expression of the old-time hunters when the flints in their gun-locks failed to strike fire.

2) The same thing holds to this time. In treaty making the interests of the agents and other hangers-on are often better guarded than those of the Indians.

3) Author of the “The Traditional History of the Wyandots.” He was a brother to George I. Clark, and a grandson of Chief Adam Brown. His name was Peter Dooyentate Clarke. The final e was always used in writing Clarke by most members of this family. His book was published at Toronto, Canada, in 1870. It is unreliable in its historical statements and conclusions, but on habits, customs, and usages of the Wyandots, and their traditions, it is generally authentic. “Toronto” is derived from the Wyandot word “Toh-roohn’-tooh,” meaning , “plenty” or “ abundance.”


Armstrong informing me that the Legislative Committee was required to meet on to-morrow, Wednesday, the 11th.

Wednesday, 11.–The Committee met and was organized and rec’d a Message from the Principal Chief. Proceeded to business, and adjourned at 4 o’clock P. M.

Thursday, 12.–Went to attend the session of the Legislative Committee. Passed an Act regulating the National ferry for the year ‘51. Several bills were introduced, read the first time and laid upon the table.

Windy and tempestuous. This day the Wyandott Chiefs paid the Delawares their instalment due this year.

Tuesday, 17.–To-day the Council and Legislative Committee meet in joint session to elect a Ferryman for the year 1851. Lame and decrepit as I am, I am compelled to do my own work–cut wood, make fires, and feed my stock. I cannot get one of our vagabonds to work for me, no difference how extravagant may be the wages I offer.

Judge Ewing and son called upon us, and [we] had a long chat upon public business.

Went to town. The Legislative Committee and Council met in joint meeting and proceeded to the election of a Ferryman, when Isaac Brown was declared duly elected. Came home much pained with my Rheumatism in my ankle.

Thursday, 19.–Harriet went to Major Moseley’s and bro’t me some medicines. Expecting Mr Northrup to send me a sack of Flour to-day according to arrangements. M. R. W. informs me that he sent over a quantity to divers persons on this side but none for me. My curses and execrations upon the little Polliwog! There is no dependence to be placed in him. He well knows that I am crippled and helpless.

Friday, 20.–Clear frosty morning. Prospect of a fair and pleasant [day]. Heard of a sack of Flour lying in the Ferry Boat. Sent for it by Jacob Charloe, whether it was mine or not. He and Isaac Muskrat cut and hauled in a quantity of wood.


Saturday, 21.–Clear, but warm. Jacob Charloe and [Isaac] Muskrat came and butchered a bog.



From this day [Sat., Dec. 28th, 1850] till now I have been sorely afflicted with Rheumatism and Neuralgia. The Complaint in my head affecting my eyes to such a degree as to cause almost total blindness. This will account for the long hiatus in my Journal.

During all this time, I was unable to read or write, in consequence of the Neuralgia affecting my sight. This was hard on me–depending upon others to read for my amusement. But I have now in some degree recovered my sight.

Saturday, 8.–The Nation convened to-day upon the subject of sending a deputation to Washington City on business connected with our late treaty with the Gov’t: Geo. I. Clark and Joel Walker are the delegates, John W. Gray Eyes having been dropped.

Monday, 17.–An incident. Just learned that John Big-Sinew and his half brother, Smith Nichols, while riding at full speed, returning from the Northern meeting, both on one horse, were thrown against a tree and seriously injured.

Tuesday, 18.–The Kansas river has about run dry; there not being water enough to float the ferry boat, and consequently no ferrying.–In the evening learned that the ferry was now passable.

Saturday, 22.–Rev. B. H. Russell and Mr Dofflemeyer1 called and staid an half an hour.

1) Daniel Dofflemeyer. Governor Walker wrote the name in different ways–often Dufflemeyer. His descendants live in Kansas City, Mo., “to this day.” I find the following in the History of Jackson County, Missouri, page 762:

“Rev. Daniel Dofflemeyer was born in Rockingham county, Virginia, August 21, 1813, and resided there until the age of nineteen years. Then removed to Morgan county, Illinois, arriving April 1st, and there lived until the autumn of 1836. From this place he went to Van Buren county, then a territory, locating on a point near Bentonsport, where he remained until 1846. During this time, in 1842, his wife died, leaving four children, two of whom axe living. In the spring of 1846 took up his residence


There is to be a celebration to-day in Kansas by the Masons, Odd Fellows and Sons of Temperance.

Tuesday, 25.–Cloudy and windy. Went to James Big-Tree’s and appointed him a member of the Legislative Com. to supply the vacancy paused by the absence of J. M. Armstrong.

Thursday, 27.–Wrote a Communication (dated 24th) -to Cist, for the Advertiser, upon Reminiscences of Olden times.

Friday, 28.–The Legislative Committee, by appointment, is to meet to-day. Went to meet the Committee, but Alas! not one [other] member appeared. Saw, for the first time, W. Linville, since his return from California.

MARCH, 1851.

Monday, 3.–To-night at 12 o’clock Congress has to adjourn sine die. I do not think wisdom and patriotism will die with this, 31st Congress. Tho’ it numbers among its members some valuable men, still there is a great deal of offal, of fungi. Such men as Root and Giddings of Ohio, Wilmot of Penna. and such ilk. But they have had their ‘day,’ and having had the one which providence and the current of public affairs have allotted them, they must now sink down to the level their deeds, good, or bad, has assigned them. “Ainse valle monde.”

in Fayette, Howard county, Mo., remaining until the fall of 1848, when he came to Kansas City. From here went to Shawnee Mission, at the same time receiving instruction from Rev. Nathan Scarritt, of the High School. This he continued until May 17th following, in the meantime, being employed as a carpenter, to oversee and do the general repairing about the institution. His next move was to California, engaged in mining, there remaining until June, 1850, when he returned to the mission. In 1851 was licensed to preach, and was sent to Wyandott Mission, where he served in connection with Rev. Scarritt, three nations, Wyandotts, Delawares and Shawnees, for a period of one year. After this, was given exclusive control of the Wyandott Mission but left Wyandott, and went to Scaine, Mississippi, being interested to have settlements begin in Kansas. In 1856 went to survey a claim, when he came in contact with Jim Lane, who set up the right to the claim. After this Mr. D. returned to Scaine, Mississippi, with his family, and in 1857 settled permanently in Kansas City. His second marriage occurred June 8, 1851, to Miss Virginia T., daughter of P. Ellington, a native of Virginia. He was among the first settlers of Platte county, Mo. By this union the family consists of six children: John T., Alice, Thomas J., Louis E., Virginia L., and Charlie.”


Tuesday, 4.–Last evening a party from the Institution, Messrs. Dofflemeyer and Huffaker, and Miss Hester Russel, came and staid all night. The latter gentleman by some mishap got into the Kansas River and had the benefit of a cold bath.

Went to town to attend the session of the Council, but to my astonishment no one [was] there except the Sheriff who informed me that they imitated the 31st Congress adjourning sine die.–So, I adjourned also.

Wednesday, 5.–This day I complete my half century. Fifty years old to-day; and I now enter upon my fifty first year. Dull day at [any] rate–depressed in spirit. Wrote to Joel Walker at Washington. The Highland Mary went up the river to-day.

Friday, 7.–Sent up a note to F. Cotter demanding the town Plat of Wyandott City,1 by Thos. Coon-Hawk. Mrs W. and Sophia gone on a visit to Mrs Moseley’s. Warm and pleasant day. Therm. at Temperate, at 2 P. M.

A Wyandott social Levee held at the Council house tonight.

Saturday, 8.–Yesterday Johnny O’Bludgeon unfortunately received a severe bruise or contusion upon his foot. “Och!” said he, “but I am murther’d entirely.” Screwing his face up most ruefully, [he] exclaimed, “Be me troth and I’m ruined,–sure and it’s I that am hurted.”

Friday, 14.–Writing an Indian story for Cist’s Advertiser.

Sunday, 16.–I learn that our California men intend to swindle us out of our shares.

Monday, 17.–St. Patrick’s day.

At daylight Mr Graham set out to invite my California substitute, W. Lynville, and his own, Ira Hunter, to come

1) This is another paper that I have searched for unsuccessfully for many years. The lots were about an acre in extent.


over to my house for a settlement. At 1 O’clock they arrived.

After some Conversation with them, we discovered that it was their determination to play the villian. Though the understanding and bargain was, when they were outfitted, that on their return they were to divide with us equally, yet they would not so much as pay for their outfit; and though they came back with upwards of two thousand dollars each, yet they, in rendering an account of their gains, were guilty of moral perjury. They were not smitten down by the vengeance of Heaven as were Ananias and Sapphira before the Apostle Peter, but verily they will have their reward.

Thursday, 20.–Finished my communication to Cist’s Advertiser.

Saturday, 22.–M. R. W. starts to-day for Cass County. Sent by him to the Post Office a Com. for CIST’S ADVERTISER.

This afternoon Mr Dofflemeyer and Mr Griffin of the Institution came and put up with us intending to attend Quarterly Meeting. At night, clear and cold.

Sunday, 23.–Clear and cold! A real hoar frost. Prospects of a beautiful day. My family and guests going to Church.

Major Moseley called upon me on his way to Church and gave me the current news, and among these . . . . “Hung be the Heavens in black!” The bill granting to the Pacific Rail Road Company the right of way and each alternate section, which passed the Senate, was killed in the house. So goes Democracy. This may be retrograde progressive Democracy.

Our folks returned from Church bringing with them Mr Knight, Sr., from Kansas, who dined with us.

From him I learn that Kennedy of the Commonwealth has moved his Press from Independence to Kansas, intend-


ing to publish a neutral paper. Well, Democracy is on the wane in Jackson County.

Monday, 24.–Clear and beautiful morning with a clear silver frost, with every indication of a beautiful day.

Went over to Kansas for the first time for nearly five months. Spent some time quite agreeably with my friends, Dined with Mr Knight. Called at the Post Office; subscribed for the St. Louis Republican at $1.45, in a Club. Cheap enough in all Conscience. Came home.

Tuesday, 25.–Went to attend the session of the Council.

John C. McCoy commenced to-day surveying the Wyandott purchase.1 Commenced at the mouth of the Kansas.

Wednesday, 26.–Finished Schoolcraft’s enquiries into the Indo-American language, i. e., Wyandott.

Sunday, 30.–Russel Garrett bro’t my mail. News from Ohio.

On the 15th inst., on the 28th Ballot, Benjamin F. Wade, of Ashtabula County, was elected U. S. Senator, having rec’d 44 votes out of 81. Good!

APRIL, 1851.

Sunday, 6.–0 temporal 0 mores! Oh what a biting and killing frost! This frost has done the deed for the fruit for this year of 1851.

At 12 o’clock I set out for Independence. Went to John C. McCoy’s and staid all night.

Monday, 7.–Cloudy and misting. Rain. Went in company with J. M. McCoy to Independence to attend the session of the County Court. Arrived midst rain “noise and confusion” about the Court House. Selling at auction negroes, horses, mules, etc.

Here I must be allowed to make a remark upon the characteristics of the citizens of Independence. They are the most

1) McCoy surveyed most of the Indian Reservations in what is now Kansas. He laid out and was the proprietor of the town of Westport, Mo.


selfish, exacting, grinding, mercenary people I ever saw in any Country, barbarian or Christian. Hospitality is an utter stranger and foreigner to them. A stranger might arrive and stay six months or a year and may form many acquaintances and be a stranger still. He will never see the inside of their dwellings unless forced there by urgent business. And it really seems that the citizens have completely imbibed the notion that they have an indefeasible claim to the money a stranger may bring with him–that he ought not to be suffered to carry away from town any money,–that it is their prescriptive right. Independence is a spoiled child!

Tuesday, 8.–Attended the Council. A joint meeting of the Legislative Committee and Council was held. Committee adjourned sine die.

Wednesday, 9.–Staid at home all day feeling quite unwell.

Hired Russia Chop-The-Logs.1 Cloudy day.

Monday, 21.–A most severe and biting frost! Farewell fruit. My Curse upon this Missouri Climate. Upper Missouri will always be subject to the drawbacks of an unstable and irregular Climate. From one extreme to another. Some winters rivaling Lapland and others mild as Louisiana, and spring varying from summer heat to zero. All this is attributed, by wise men, to the elevation or altitude and proximity to the snowy mountains. Well, there is no help for it.

1) Russia Chop-The-Logs was afterward a soldier in the Union Army. While he was away in the war the late M. B. Newman, one Cooper, and others of Wyandotte County, supposing, or hoping, that he was dead, had an administrator appointed for his estate and sold his allotment of land. When “Chop,” as he was called, came home sound and well Newman & Co. hid themselves, for he was a dangerous man, especially when under the influence of intoxicating liquors. He was furious when he found that his land had been sold, and that, too, on the representation that he was dead. He chased Newman up a stairway one day and said to him, “Oh, you scoundrel! I am mad now! I go fight while you cowardly devils hide at home! Then you swear I am dead and steal my land. Oh, I am mad now! I wish fight on the other side!!” They prevented him from injuring Newman, but those concerned had to pay “Chop” for his land, and pay him well, too, to avoid serious trouble.


Just heard that Geo. I. Clark had arrived from Washington.

Monday, 28.–Wrote to G. W. Boyd, by Russia Chop-The-Logs to let Hamilton have the Store House for $8. per month for 5 months, to keep a Grocery.1

Wednesday, 30.–A most severe, biting frost. Farewell fruit!

C. B. Garrett, M. R. Walker and myself having been appointed by the Hon. Executive Council, School Examiners, we examined one applicant, Miss R. Garrett, and pronounced her competent.

MAY, 1851.

Thursday, 1.–Croesus! Jupiter!! What a Frost! The fruit totally destroyed.

To-day Henry Norton and Hannah Hicks were partially united in the state of Matrimony by Rev. Mr Shaler. They were married without the license required by law. The marriage is clearly illegal.

Friday, 2.–Just received a line from Maj. Moseley announcing his arrival last evening–and forthwith the Annuity must be paid, ready or not ready–softly, Major.

Special session of the Council appointed for to-morrow.

Saturday, 3.–Clear and beautiful morning. Must attend the Council.

The Council fixed on Wednesday, the 7th inst., as the day for the Commencement of the Semi-Annuity payment.

Got my family stores from Kauses this evening.

Sunday, 4.–Wrote letters, one to M. Butler, St. Louis, and one to F. H. Hereford, Independence.

Monday, 5.–Went to town–dined with Maj. Moseley, Met with C. Graham. Came home and found a Mr Lunsford, who is an applicant for the Post of Pedagogue. He seems

1) A grocery in those days is a “saloon” in our day, and in the Kansas vernacular a “j’int.”


to have some knowledge of the Art of teaching the young “idea how to shoot.” Refer’d him to F. A. Hicks, School Director.

Wednesday, 7.–Examined Russell Garrett, a Candidate for School Teacher.

Commenced paying out the Annuity and paid out till 2 O’clock P. M. and adjourned for the day.

Thursday, 8.–Beautiful, clear morning. All nature has put on her gayest attire of “Kendal green.”

Closed the Annuity payment at 3 o’clock P. M.

Friday, 9.–The Council in session: Gov. M. Bartley from Ohio, had an interview with the Council upon the subject of T. W. Bartley’s claim upon the nation for Attorney’s fees.

JUNE, 1851.

Monday, 2.–Finished a written report and argument against the claim of T. W. Bartley against the Wyandott nation. Went to attend the Council and there learned that Isaiah Zane was in confinement in the Jail for having stabbed James Barnett on Saturday evening. Went to see the wounded man and my prediction is, he will die, as I regard the wound mortal.

Made out the pay roll for the distribution of the Commutation money. Whole number entitled to receive, 609.

Tuesday, 3.–Attended a called session of the Legislative Committee.

Mrs H. Walker and Harriet set out for St. Charles. They went ‘board the Yawl in company with H. M. Northrup, J. Walker and Sam’l Drummond to Kansas, intending from thence to take the Steamer, St. Paul.

The Council and Committee both adjourned at 5 o’clock.

Saturday, 7.–Special session of the Council to-day and also of the Legislative Committee.

Reported to the Council their answer to the claim of T.


W. Bartley as presented by Gov. M. Bartley.–It was read and with some slight amendments, adopted.

Sunday, 8.–In the evening M. R. W., J. W. Gray Eyes and Mr S. Drummond called and staid a couple of hours.

I have heard that there are some cases of Cholera in Kansas. May a kind providence deliver us from this scourge.

Monday, 9.–To-day it is intended by the Council to bring over the National money from Kansas and I will avail myself of the opportunity of getting some provisions bro’t over.

Tuesday, 17.–Cloudy morning. So by order of the Council there is to be [a] convention of the Wyandott nation, convened for the purpose of determining by vote the admission or rejection of certain persons from Ohio claiming the rights of Wyandotts.

By John Solomon, I have just learned that John Standingstone died last evening with cholera. This, if true, is the first cholera case in the nation this season.

This day the Wyandott nation extinguished the [balance of the] Delaware debt, $16,000.00. Our domain is, therefore, paid for.

Thursday, 19.–Cloudy weather. Just heard of the death of Charley Elliott1 He died, as I learn, at Bigtown’s House.

1) The following facetious biographical sketch was written by Governor Walker:

“‘His life was gentle, and the elements

So mixed in him, that nature might stand up,

And say to the world, this was a man.’


“Died at the residence of Big Town, in Wyandott Territory, on Friday morning last Charles Elliott, in the 41st year of his age. He died suddenly:—and it is supposed from apoplexy. Charley, as he was familiarly called by all who knew him, was completely identified with Kansas. When he left town for a season to enjoy rural life, there was certain to be something wrong, or out of joint about town–things did not move on as smoothly as usual–something out of fix–a screw loose here and a screw out of repair there. Business did not seem to move on with that celerity and briskness that was always noticed when he was present. It has been even said that the Captains of the Steamers have noticed the difference when landing at our port.

“The Counters and floors of the Coffee Houses and Groceries have remained undusted and unswept and decanters and glasses uncleaned till Charlie’s return, and his smiling face once more beamed upon the hitherto, dull town. His return was certain to revive business, if a degree of stagnation happened to occur, as is frequently the case


He was apparently well when he came there. He died in the night, supposed from Apoplexy. Kansas has truly sustained a loss in the death of Charley. Some public demonstration ought to be made by the corporate authorities of that city.

Friday, 20.–At night rain pouring, not upwards, but downwards “orfully.”

Saturday, 21.–A certain apology for a man named M—– recently from Cincinnati, and still more recently from New Madrid, called and sat-and-a-ah-ha and–a spoke and said–ye–es; bright boy, that chap. “Where little is given, little is required” saith a wise man.

Dr. Wright called this evening:–thinks our sick out of danger. Ah Grand Dieu! des marauguan! C’est terrible.

Sunday, 22.–Clear and beautiful morning. Wind from the east. Atmosphere in a more sanitary condition than yesterday. Cool and pleasant all day. The sick folks gettin some better. Mrs Garrett staid all night. Sophia gone to Kansas.

Mr Miguel Otero from Mexico bro’t Harriet home in his carriage from Kansas, on her return from Lexington, where she has been paying a visit to her friends.

Thursday, 26.–By Mr John Moseley, we just heard of the

in all the River towns. His facetious and dry humor, his ready wit was enough to dispel ennui from the most confirmed Hypochondriac.

“The town Constable will not soon forget the good services rendered him in the way of advice in all doubtful questions of public duty. Charley’s advice was as good as that derived from the Law Book. He was familiar with the Ordinances of the town; hence the value of his advice in all questions in Municipal law. As a faithful biographer I am bound to say that some transient person rather indiscreetly called Charley a loafer. This was a calumny. Albeit, he was, in his habits, a little Loaferish; but he was invested by dame nature with a dignity that caused him to tower ‘a head and shoulders’ above a wilderness of Loafers.

‘Charley was a Widower and has left an only child–an interesting daughter, Mary Elliott, who succeeds to his estate and honors according to the laws of the Wyandott nation. It is but just and a due regard to truth requires that, it should be stated that, Mary is not as discreet, prudent and well behaved as she would have been had she been more mindful of the precepts and admonitions of her lamented sire.

‘Stranger, tread lightly upon the sod which covers the remains of poor Charley.

(Signed) “GUIZOT.”


death of John Nofat. He is said to have died this morning of cholera.

Sunday, 29.–John Williams, son of Geo. D. Williams, was committed to prison yesterday for an assault on one of the twin boys, who died from his wounds. A sad fix for John. Went down to make a call upon Major Moseley. Spent a couple of hours with him in general chit chat.

JULY, 1851.

Tuesday, 1.–Went to town to see what the Hon. Executive Council was doing. Two members being missing and they being the oldest, James Rankin and James Washington, the Council adjourned till Thursday.

Friday, 4.–The glorious 4th spent in Kansas amongst very good company.

Saturday, 12.–Cholera still raging in Independence.

Tuesday, 15.–To-day John Williams will have his trial, if a Jury can be raised and the witnesses be bad.

Went to town and called on Major Moseley who had just returned from a Delaware Council.

From reports from Independence the scourge is performing deadly work in that place. Six more deaths on Saturday.

Went up to the Council House to witness the trial of John Williams and Tyson Big-Snake. I was unexpectedly forced upon the Jury. For the want of evidence they were acquitted.

Wednesday, 16.–Adam Brown and Peter Bearskin called upon me to do some writing for them. By them I learned that Charles Graham had died of Cholera, probably the 14th inst. Just as I predicted and repeatedly told him. Poor Charley! he fell as an–a victim to the god mammon. The particulars of his death have not transpired.

I have since learned that he was attacked in the forenoon and died that evening. Mr Guthrie went to see him on busi-


ness, but when be reached there, found him in the agonies of death and [he] died a short time afterwards.

I have also heard of the death of Tondee. He yesterday of the flux.

Saturday, 26.–Went over to see Uncle James Rankin who has been sick for several days. Found him quite a promising convalescent. Mr J. Walker and a Mr H. A. Walter called upon us and spent some time.

Several cases of cholera in Kansas.

Sunday, 27.–Clear, but warm-the sun rises with a fiery and lurid glare.

Went up to see Uncle James and staid till 1 o’clock P. M. Found him apparently free from disease but much weaker than he was on yesterday.

Rev. Mr Scarritt preached to-day. After meeting, he and his lady came and dined with us. I then called on Mr Shaler and found him improving. Therm. 98o.

Monday, 28.–I went over to see Uncle James and found him much better.

Major Moseley and Joel Walker went up to attend a Council of the Delawares.

Thursday, 31.–Clear and cool morning. This is the last day of July and with this month may terminate our excessive warm weather.

This has truly been a dull, monotonous day; not a soul has come near us up to this hour, 5 o’clock P. M. Half of the Wyandott nation might be dead and we unconscious of the calamity. Well, well, ignorance is bliss.

Within 20 minutes of 8 o’clock P. M. while I was sitting in the passage looking out upon the green, all of a sudden the yard in front became illuminated, [I] supposing upon the instant that a lighted candle was being bro’t in from the kitchen, but upon looking up, a vast, brilliant illumination of a mixture of purple, crimson and yellow was looming


most magnificently in the South at, as near as I can recollect, about 45o above the horizon. The illumination lasted about 5 seconds and suddenly disappeared. Whether this was an Aereolite or not, I am unable to tell. About a minute after, a distant rumbling like thunder was heard in the same direction, which lasted a half minute, and gradually died away. I am certain it was not thunder, as at the time, the sky was clear and the stars twinkling all over the heavens–not a cloud was to be seen.1

AUGUST, 1851.

Sunday, 3.–In the evening Rev. Mr Dofflemeyer called upon me and spent an hour in quite agreeable chat.

Monday, 4.–Finished reading Dickens’ latest production, “David Copperfield, the Younger.”

Major Moseley called to-day and staid an hour, [which we spent] in social chat. Learned by him that Mrs Cheauteau’s negro, Waller, died of cholera yesterday–a truly great loss to that family.

Friday, 8.–Went to Kansas. Settled with Mr Coffman, a debt due the Estate of Leonard Benvist, $26.70. Came home in the evening.

This evening our folks took the Steamer ‘Clara’ for St. Charles.

Saturday, 9.–Staid at home all day. John Johnston lost his entire family–his wife and two children, by Cholera.

Our neighbors all gone to the Camp Meeting at Delaware.

Sunday, 10.–Warm. In the evening Major Moseley called and staid some time. Rain, rain. John Van Metre and William Taylor, clerks to Walker Boyd & Chick, died of cholera.

1) From the year 1850 to that of 1860 such phenomena as is described here, and comets, and other strange appearances in the sky were often seen in Eastern Kentucky. People believed they were signs of approaching war. When the war commenced they were convinced that they had judged the signs aright.


Monday, 11.–Cloudy, and thro’ the day more rain. What is this country going to come to? We shall have a pestilence. The Cholera is still carrying off its victims and other diseases will soon follow, especially those autumnal epidemics so common in this country.

Tuesday, 12.–Went to town to attend the National Election. Before going into the election a proposition was submitted by John Kayrohoo, one of the Candidates for the Council, to enquire into the expediency of so Amending the Constitution as to do away with the Legislative Committee.

It was, after some discussion, finally agreed to proceed with the election of members of the Council, and afterwards to elect members of a Convention to revise the Constitution.

Present Incumbents                                   Nominees.

James Washington,         62      Votes.                  John Kayrohoo,      28      Maj.   34

James Rankin                58      “                 Towareh                37      “        21

Mat Mudeater                 52      “                 John Arms             45      “        7

J. W. Gray Eyes      38      “                 J. S. Bearskin                 67      “        29

It was then proposed to proceed to the election of the members of the Legislative Committee. Agreed to. When the following men were elected:

John Sarrahess, Esq. Gray Eyes, White-Crow, J. Kayrohoo and J. D. Brown.

This election being disposed of, the Convention proceeded to the election of thirteen delegates to revise the Constitution.

John D. Brown, Esq. Gray Eyes, M. R. Walker, White-Crow, John Sarrahess, John Kayrohoo, Towareh, Silas Armstrong, J. M. Armstrong, Michael Frost, Matt Barnett, Thomas Coon-Hawk and Isaac Brown. 13.

James T. Charloe declining to be a candidate Louis Lumpey was elected Sheriff in his place. John Pipe was re-elected Sheriff.

Thursday, 14.–Deacon Shaler packing up his things.


Moved away in the afternoon. He left the Wyandott Territory under a shade.

Friday, 15.–The Anniversary of the Green Corn feast.

“Time honored day,” in the annals of Wyandott history.

Tuesday, 19.–Clear and pleasant. Major Moseley sent a dispatch to me, requiring my attendance at the Council, and in a few minutes Uncle James Rankin sent for me to come over and see his sick family, his daughter being considered dangerous. I yielded to the call of humanity in preferment to unimportant official calls.

Sunday, 31.–To-day a number of our folks set out, some for Ohio & some for Canada, viz.: R. Garrett, Mrs M. Garrett, Rebecca Garrett, M. Mudeater and several others.


Monday, 1.–Went round to visit the sick. Uncle James Rankin sinking very fast with the consumption.

Tuesday, 2.–Beautiful morning. Rode out to F. A. Hicks’s. Then visited the sick. Rode up to John Hicks’s, Senr. [and] bo’t some Beef and a Bushel of fine Peaches.

Scarcely a family to be found in the Nation without some one sick.

Wednesday, 3.–Issued marriage license to authorize the marriage of John B. Curley-Head to Miss Matilda Clark.

Friday, 5.–Clear and warm. Went over to see Uncle James. He appears to maintain his strength and vigor in a remarkable degree.

In the evening I was called upon to visit Sam’l Rankin who is also taken down. I went over and found him in a high fever. Staid with him till after midnight. Unusually warm night.

Saturday, 6.–Went over in the evening to see Uncle James and family. Found Sam’l some better.


M. R. Walker had a son born to him to-day; over which he doubtless rejoices greatly.

Sunday, 7.–Martha passed thro’ a bad night, having a high fever all night.

In the evening went to pay a visit to Major Moseley.

Found Dr. Ridge & Mr Northrup & lady there. Staid till sunset and came home.

Sunday, 14.–Cloudy and misting rain. Went to Camp meeting. Heard a sermon from L. B. Stateler and one from Mr Scarritt. Turned out to be a pleasant day. Dined with Mr Dofflemeyer. Came home in the evening.

Monday, 15.–Clear and pleasant. Went to Meeting again.

Silas Armstrong not appearing, I interpreted for Mr Scarritt his 11 o’clock sermon.

Tuesday, 16.–Warm day. Visited M. R. W. and family; found them improving. Then visited Uncle James, found him still declining.

Nothing interesting transpired to-day, except the call of Doctor Doyle who wishes to be employed as Physician for the Nation, and also a call by a Mr Rucker, who wishes to open a Female Seminary in Kansas. Subscribed one session for Harriet.

Wednesday, 17.–Heard yesterday that that Buccaneer Patriot Lopez has been captured by the Cubans and executed. It is to be hoped that the signal failure of this lawless and uncalled for interference with the affairs of foreign governments, will teach Americans to stay at home and attend to their own business. It has been seen but too clearly, and severely too, that the oppressed Cubans do not thank Americans for their sympathy, least of all for their invasion of their soil for the ostensible purpose of delivering them from oppression. Verily, the Americans that have been caught upon their Soil have had “their reward”!

Major Moseley returned from Potawotamie.


Thursday, 18.–Clear and beautiful morning tho’ somewhat cool

Went to pay a visit to Maj. Moseley. Found him much fatigued and indisposed. Saw a late No. of the Republican which confirms the reported capture and execution of Lopez, the Brigand.

Went up to F. A. Hicks’s and found Rev. L. B. Stateler and Lady there. Had a long conversation with him on the prospects of the Aboriginal race, connected with the policy of the Government towards them.

Learned that the Circuit Court will adjourn next Saturday.

Friday, 19.–Clear and pleasant morning, with the prospect of a warm day. Went to Independence to attend the session of the Circuit Court. Had my case continued till next term.

Saturday, 20.–Spent my time in looking about town and chatting with acquaintances, and spending Some time in Court witnessing its proceedings.

Sunday, 21.–Spent the day in town. Heard of the death of Judge McClelland of Sibley.

Monday, 22.–Came home and found Mr Gilmore had returned from Cincinnati.

Sunday, 28.–Went to Church. While there Mrs Kelley and Mrs Lusk, the former from Wayne City, and the latter from Jefferson City, came in. They came on a visit. They dined with us and were compelled to return the same evening. Uncle James sent for me; I found him insensible and about winding up his earthly career. I, with C. B. Garrett and Henry Garrett, staid with him till he expired, at 1/2 past 5 A. M. I and Henry closed his eyes. Thus terminated the career of JAMES RANKIN in the 76th year of his age.

Monday, 29.–Arrangements, made for the funeral, to take place to-morrow under the directions of the Council.

At a special session of the Council it was agreed that at


11 o’clock A. M., the corpse be taken to the Church where an oration is to be delivered by John Hicks, Sen.; from, thence to the burying ground, and after the burial, the company to disperse.

Tuesday, 30.–Beautiful day. The funeral solemnities were performed in accordance with the above programme.

Came home fatigued and worn out.

OCTOBER, 1851.

Wednesday, 1–Went over in the evening to see my Widowed Aunt’s family. Found them improving.

Thursday, 2.–Joel Walker called and informed me that the Council would meet to-day. After some time we went down. I called upon Major Moseley who had been sick, and I received a severe cursing from him for not paying more attention to him.

The Council rejected Dr. Doyle’s application.

Friday, 3.–Mrs W. and I signed the deed conveying our Seneca County land. We both went to pay a visit to Major Moseley. Found him improving; but a more obstinate, ill tempered, fretful and troublesome sick man I never saw.

Saturday, 4.–Bro’t over some cows from Aunt Rankin’s to keep a few weeks, while the family was sick and unable to attend to them.

Cut some wood and packed it on my shoulder to the House. This is outrageous for me to become a pack mule! –Harriet came home.

Monday, 6.–Wrote out a Biographical Sketch of Uncle James R. for publication.

I learn by M. R. Walker that Major Moseley is worse. When is our sickness to terminate?

In the evening my fever came on; lasted nearly all night Mrs W. confined to her bed.

Louis Lumpey, one of the Sheriffs, called and notified me


to attend a National Convention, for what purpose, he did not inform me. It is rather problematical whether I shall attend or not.

Tuesday, 7.–Clear and cool morning with an unusually heavy dew.

I feel better this morning. I must avail myself of my good condition by going to Kansas to procure some family stores, medicines, &c.

This morning a Boat in passing up grounded upon the bar, and there she lays.

Went to Kansas and purchased some medicines. Came home, and as usual, had a chill, which prevented me from attending the National Convention.

Wednesday, 8.–In the afternoon Mrs Z. Armstrong called to see us; and shortly after, Mrs M. Hicks called. From her we learned that our son of the Emerald Isle of potato smashing memory, John Lynch, was married in Cass County to a Miss Susan Tull. Verily Miss Susan must have wanted a husband distressingly!

Saturday, 11.–I went to Kansas and got my mail. There I learned that Col. Chenault had bro’t on Major Moseley’s Annuity. Dined with Mr Boyd at the “Union,” reopened. The dinner nothing to boast of.

Sunday, 12.–In the afternoon I paid a visit to Major Moseley and found him recovering; but Oh! what an ill tempered, wicked old sinner. Having a very sore mouth and unable to talk only by signs, but when in a gust of passion he will swear like a pirate. His son John arrived on Saturday. Just heard that Mrs Long is not expected to live.

Wrote a communication for the Ledger.

Monday, 13.–Wrote to Mr Thomas Shipley of Cass County. Mr John Moseley called this morning and spent an hour with us.

Addressed a note to Mr Telegraph man demanding resti-


tution of moneys paid for dispatches sent when their wires were broken.

Just heard of the death of Mrs Long.

Tuesday, 14.–Wrote to Sophia, enclosing $32. to her at Harrodsburg. Wrote also to O. Andrews at St. Charles, enclosing $6.00. [Wrote] also to Dr. Rodgers, enclosing $10.00.

Mr. Long died last evening.

Saturday, 18.–A deputation of Sioux, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Crows and Snake Indians headed by Major Fitz Patrick were at the “Union Hotel” waiting for a Boat. They are on a visit by special invitation to Washington.

While [I was] there the Clara came down and they took passage on her.

Sunday, 19.–Mr Dofflemeyer went to preach to the Delawares.

Monday, 20.–1 must pay my respects to Major Moseley this morning.

Went at 10 o’clock and wrote in the Agent’s office. The Major paying off the employees in his Agency.

Then went to the Council. The new Constitution was adopted and a poor thing–a piece of folly, the product of a set of sap heads, and a sappy concern it is.

Just heard of the death of David Young. Died of consumption.

James T. Charloe elected to supply the vacancy in the Council caused by the decease of James Rankin.

Wednesday, 22.–Heard yesterday that the Steamer Herman was sunk and her cargo, part belonging to Walker Boyd & Chick, lost and damaged.

Mr Gilmore and Martha gone up to F. A. Hicks’s to see Dr. Fish the Oculist.

Saturday, 25.–We had a tempestuous and windy night. Cloudy this morning. Dry weather. The grass is parched up.


So it is in this Country. Everything on extremes. When we have rain it is a general deluge, and that over, then a drouth follows and the face of the earth is as dry as the deserts of Zaharra. The more I see and feel of this climate, the more I am dissatisfied with it. I have taken a severe cold. The wind is now blowing from the North and very cold. I have a severe pain in my breast, with some difficulty of breathing.

Sunday, 26.–Mr Scarritt preaches to-day but I am too much indisposed to attend Church.

Went down in the Afternoon to visit Major Moseley. He is evidently getting well and intends making the Annuity payment this week.

So has this Sabbath day been spent.

Tuesday, 28.–I suppose the Council will meet to-day and make out the Pay Roll. Preparatory to the payment of the Semi-Annuity. I must go down and aid them, and make out triplicates.

At 10 o’clock I went to the Council. Found the Principal Chief & the two Sheriffs in attendance, but no Councillors. I will wait no longer; having waited two hours, I came home, and they may get along the best they can, the lazy scamps.

Wednesday, 29.–Went down to see Major Moseley. But he had flown from his “Rookery” and taken passage in Mr Dofflemeyer’s carriage for Kansas. Johnny O’Bludgeon passed on his way to Cass County. Came home. Then went to M. R. Walker’s and bo’t some fine Beef. Cloudy and threatening more rain. Russia hauling wood, and I doing nothing. Mrs W. bo’t of Mrs Dofflemeyer a horse.

I have been suffering for a week past with a severe Heartburn. I have resorted to the usual remedies in such cases, such as Rodix Rhei Soda, weak ley &c., abstinence from oleaginous food, but all to no purpose–no relief afforded. What shall I do next? Yes, what?


Friday, 31.–Commenced making out triplicate Pay Rolls for the Annuity. Feel very unwell. Feeble and weak.


Saturday, l.–Pennsylvania and Ohio gone for the Democracy.

Rec’d a letter from Dr. Rogers of St. Charles acknowledging the Receipt of $10. Working at the Pay Rolls.

Sunday, 2.–Went in company with Martha to the Northern Quarterly Meeting. Heard a poor sermon from the Presiding Elder. Rev. L. B. Stateler preached at the Brick Church.

In the evening Mr Henry Twyman called, and staid all night.

Monday, 3.–Rec’d an invitation to a wedding at Mrs Rankin’s. The happy couple was John Pipe and Miss Nancy Rankin. They were [married] by Rev. Mr Dofflemeyer. There [was] a bountiful supper. Came home at 1/2 past 7 in the evening.

Friday, 7.–Splendid morning! This is emphatically, “INDIAN SUMMER.” We have had no rain for four weeks and the earth is parched up, and the grass as dry as flax.

Went to Kansas and found Esquire Ladd & family had landed the evening before, and I suppose calculate upon becoming residents of Missouri.

Saturday, 8.–To-day Maj. Moseley makes the Annuity payment.

Closed the Semi-Annuity [payment] to-day at 3 o’clock P. M., at $13.00 per capita. James Findlay, Esq., assisted in the payment.

Sunday, 9.–Went over to Pharaoh’s and spent some time in social chat. Heard of the death of Rev. James Porter. Also heard that Albert G. Boon was married to some Eastern Lady.


Wet and “mucky weather.” In the evening the weather cleared up and the moon rose in crimson majesty, and the Heavens were covered with brilliant stars. Felicitatus.

Wednesday, 12.–We have had no one to call upon us today. Something unusual.

Just at this moment Russel Garrett called in; having been forced out, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, to hunt for some chewing tobacco. I furnished him with a slice of the weed.

Sunday, 16.–Must go [to] the Synagogue to hear Mr Scarritt preach, this being his day to preach at the Brick Church. Came home at 1/2 past 2 o’clock P. M. A rather thin Congregation.

At 7 o’clock at night cosily seated by the fire we eat our last Water Melon.

Our family is now reduced to our two selves and the domestic, and we “are a mighty civil family.”

Tuesday, 18.–Clear cold and frosty morning. To-day the Council meets and I must present, in Mr Gilmore’s name, the Calumet to the Wolf tribe, thro’ James Washington.

Went to town and got our horse, John, shod. Learned that a murder had been perpetrated near Westport by one Shawnee upon another, and another had been severely tomahawked. Major Moseley returned in the afternoon.

During the session of the Council I presented Mr Gilmore’s Pipe, with a suitable speech.


Thursday, 4.–A National Convention of the Wyandotts is to be held to-day, but for what purpose, I am not advised.

I went down and called upon Major M. Found him still quite indisposed. Attended the Meeting at the Council House. A little over thirty persons attended, not a quorum; but they recommited the new Constitution to the framers for certain amendments. I entertain for these Constitution


makers and reformers but little respect either for their abilities or their professed love for the “dear people.” They are a set of noisy demagogues–having no fixed, or established principles, either political, moral or religious.

While there, I was taken with a chill and I took French leave.

Friday, 5.–C. B. Garrett was thrown from his Wagon and badly hurt in his side.

Saturday, 6.–Being a witness in the Case of McNees vs Hudson and the trial being set for to-day I went to K. The Plaintiff, however, had withdrawn the suit.

Sunday, 7.–Visited C. B. Garrett.1 Found him some

1) Charles B. Garrett was born in Greenbrier County, (now) West Virginia, October 28, 1794. He was the son of William and Winnaford (Bolt) Garrett. His father was a farmer and he worked on the farm until he was 17, when he formed a little company of his companions and went to Vincennes, where they joined the army of General Harrison. He served through the war of 1812, being in the battle of Tippecanoe, and that of the Thames. At the close of the war he returned home, but he remembered the beautiful country of Ohio, and returned to Ross County, that State, in 1816. Here he married Miss Kittie Ann White, August 29, 1818. Miss White’s father came from Greenbrier County, West Va. He had been a Captain in the Revolutionary army. His wife was the sister of President Monroe. Mr. Garrett moved from Ross County to Crawford County sometime before 1823. His wife died there in that year. He married Miss Maria Walker, the youngest sister of Governor Walker, at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, October 31, 1826, and was soon afterwards adopted into the Wyandot tribe with much ceremony and pomp. He engaged in the wool-carding business and had mills at what was known as “Little Wyandot” in what is now Wyandot County, Ohio. In 1843 he came West with the Wyandots. He built his house on what is now North 7th Street, Kansas City, Kansas. In 1849, he and other Wyandots formed a company to go to California to dig gold. They were six months on the way across the plains and mountains. They were on the North Fork of Feather River and were successful. He was attacked by the mountain fever and his son Russell brought him home, by way of Panama and New Orleans, in the Spring of 1852. He died December 2, 1867, of dropsy, at the home of his son, Russell, in the old Brevidore House at the corner of Fourth Street and Nebraska Avenue, Kansas City, Kansas. He is buried in the old Huron Place Cemetery, in that city. His family burying ground is immediately on the lines of Minnesota Avenue and some private property. In grading the street and this property the burial lot is left high above the street and the fine stone wall about it is tumbling down. On the marble shaft in the lot is the following:


Memory of

Charles B. Garrett


Dec. 2 1867


73 Yrs 1 Mo & 4 ds.

His wife is buried in the same lot. She died May 30, 1866. The children of Charles


what comfortable but he is badly hurt. The weather being rather Labradorian I kept close quarters.Monday, 8.–Mrs W. and I went over to see the invalid. Found him in considerable of misery. Dr. Doyle, his Physician was with him. Staid a couple of hours, and came home leaving Mrs W. there. Had a sick afternoon.

Tuesday, 23.–Mr and Mrs Dofflemeyer set out for Platte County. I envy not their ride on such a day as this.

Went to town and called upon Major Moseley. While there the Council sent for me and notified me of my election to [the] office of Clerk of the Council. I informed that Honorable body that I duly appreciated the honor done me by the voters of the Wyandott nation, but unfortunately I was ineligible. I held an appointment under the U. S. in the Indian department, that of U. S. Interpreter for the Wyandott nation, and had been sworn into office and also to support the Constitution of the U. S.; and the law of the Wyandott nation required the Clerk, before entering upon his duties, to take an oath of fealty to the Wyandott nation, thus requiring the same individual to serve two governments. But I would cheerfully serve them as Clerk provided they would dispense with the qualifying oath. The question was postponed.

Wednesday, 24.–Having employed Jacob Charloe to accompany me to Kansas, we set out at 12 o’clock on foot. Thawing and slavish walking.

B. Garrett and Kittie Ann (White) Garrett were: 1. Amanda, born June 15,1819, married —- Roseberry, died at Bucyrus in 1845; 2. William W., born December 29, 1821, married Mary Ann Long, at Wyandotte, Kan., died July 5, 1867, of typhoid fever; 3. Wesley born September 26, 1823, married Sarah Spurlock, died at Lecompton, Kan., January 6, 1894, of la grippe.

Children of Charles B. Garrett and Maria (Walker) Garrett were: 1. Harriet P., born December 16, 1827, died August 1, 1830; 2. Russell, born September 29, 1829, married Miss Elizabeth J. Lane, May 18, 1860, lives in Ventura, Cal.; 3. Cyrus, born May 1, 1331, never married, died February 20, 1859, at St. Louis, of consumption; 4. Henry, born March 16, 1833, never married, died April 14, 1857, at Cincinnati, of scarlet fever; 5. Byron, born September 25, 1835, died September 1, 1842; 6. Jane, born April 26,1838, died October 20,1841; 7. Charles, born September 26, 1842, died September 8. 1843.


Settled up some business. Paid up my postage for the year. Came home at dark tired and fatigued.

Thursday, 25.–A merry Christmas to ye all! Cloudy and damp morning. 12 o’clock Mr Geo. Armstrong called and had a long conversation upon the subject of the appointment of Administrators on the Estate of Geo. Armstrong, dec.

Christmas closed without any thing strange or interesting occurring about our domicil.


JANUARY, 1852.

Thursday, 1.–A happy new year to all my friends–and enemies if any I have. To each of the former I send my kind greetings & “the compliments of the season.”

Spent a few days in Kansas partly on business and partly in social intercourse with my acquaintances and friends.

Thursday, 15.–In the afternoon who should appear, but a strange apparition of the WEEPING PHILOSOPHER in the person of the Widow Graham in her weeds and tears and refusing to be comforted. It was enough to elongate the countenance of a Zany, to look upon her and hear her whinings and wailings.

Friday, 23.–A strange incident in our neighborhood.

Samuel Drummond formerly from Belmont County, Ohio, Assistant Blacksmith in the Public Shop, some time during the last week in December manifested some symptoms of aberration of the mind by his strange moodiness and taciturnity and a singular waywardness of conduct unusual for him; during which he suddenly disappeared. He was afterwards heard of in Parkville. From thence he went in the direction of Platte City. The next intelligence was, his calling at a House and offering all the money he had for lodging; but the man noticing his singular conduct, refused. He stated that “He was pursued by a gang of fellows from


Kansas and he was trying to escape from them.” Samuel Rankin and perhaps some others went in pursuit of him. They traced him as far as Barrey, where he was last seen. From thence he launched out into an immense broad prairie, where they lost track of him. Poor fellow! we fear his stiffened corse is stretched upon some bleak prairie. It is now three weeks since he has been wandering about “knowing not whither he goeth” amidst bitter Labradorian weather.

Tuesday, 27.–To-day the Council meets and I must attend, as some important matters come before that Honorable body.

Called upon Major Moseley on my way to the Council and found him still quite sick and unable to do business.

Last night the Widow Warpole departed this life. Heard at the same time that Captain Peter Buck and Miss Catharine Johnston died in the Seneca Country.

Another strange incident in our neighborhood.

On Thursday last Nicholas Williams was seen in Kansas and remained till late in the evening, when he set out for home. Thomas Coon-Hawk overtook him at Turkey Creek and finding him somewhat intoxicated kept with him till they came to the crossing of the Kansas when Williams objected to crossing on the ice where Thomas intended to cross, and started off, as he said, to cross below. It was then dark and [he] has never been seen nor heard of since.1

Wednesday, 28.–Harriet was taken sick on Monday. Sick all day and much worse at night.

Thursday, 29.–Sent Mr Nichols to Kansas for a Doctor to attend on Harriet, tho’ she seems a little better this morning. At 1 o’clock P. M. Dr. Ridge arrived and prepared medicine for Harriet.

1) The father of Mrs. Mary Walker, widow of Isaiah Walker. It was supposed that the ice broke with him, and that he was drowned in the Kansas River.


No intelligence of Nicholas Williams. His fate remains a mystery.

Friday, 30.–Poor old Nicholas Williams is, given [up] for gone, as no trace can be found of him.


Monday, 2.–Heard of the death of Mr Wilson of Kansas.

Tuesday, 3.–Mr Nichols returned, and by him we learn that a Mr Jackson of Kansas died of Pneumonia on Saturday last. Got no mail “cause the Blue’s up.”

To-day the Council meets and I must attend.

Reported the written Statement on the Walker claim, which was adopted and signed, and placed in the hands of Major Moseley.

The following deaths have occurred in the Wyandott nation since the first day of January. Towara, Widow Warpole, Peter Buck, Catharine Johnston, Jacob Charloe’s child, James Brown, Margaret Young’s daughter, Sarah Hill, N. Williams [missing], Henry Warpole’s wife.

Thursday, 5.–In the evening heard of the death of Black-Sheep’s wife, who died on Tuesday evening. And also of the death of Curley-Head’s wife. This turns out a mistake. She is not dead.

Friday, 6.–Mud. Such as I never saw in Missouri before. Heard by Jacob Charloe that it is a mistake about Curley-Head’s wife being dead. She is in the Seneca country.

Learned from Major Moseley that the remains of Samuel Drummond were found within two miles of Liberty, a few days ago:–and that out of $155.00, he had still on his person $100.00 in gold. Just heard of the death of Mr Arms.

Thursday, 12.–Isaiah Walker1 called upon us and spent

1) Isaiah Walker was the son of Governor Walker’s brother Isaac. He married Mary Williams. The wedding was at the house of Silas Armstrong. For an account of it see Governor Walker’s Journal, under date of February A 1853. He moved to the


the day with us. Hauling stone. I greatly fear we shall have some rain.–” Heaven forfend”! Clear night, but very cold.

Friday, 13.–The Sheriff called to-day to summons me to attend a called session of the Council to quell a bloody quarrel between Adam Brown and Abelard Guthrie. I went down and found the two under arrest by the Sheriff.

Saturday, 14.–Jemmy and his hand having completed their job, [I] went to Kansas to pay them off,– $7.

[I] remained there [at Kansas] several days.

Meantime a most murderous affair came off.* The murderer was Isaiah Zane and the murdered was John Kayrohoo. The offence having been committed over the line, i. e. in Jackson County, the former was committed to prison to stand his trial at the next session of the Circuit Court.

*Monday, 16.–The murder refer’d to took place on the afternoon of this date and the Court of Enquiry with the Inquest took place the next day, Tuesday.

The Missouri river on the rise and full of thick ice floating down like an avalanche.

Saturday, 28.–Went with James Washington to the Agent’s office on public business. Capt. Joseph Parks arrived on public business, also.

Henry Norton selling his effects at public Auction and going to St. Louis to keep a Drug Store.

MARCH, 1852.

Monday, 15.–A most desperate rencounter took place in Kansas between Charles Hooker and a young man named Hilton, a discharged clerk who had been in the employ of the former. It appears that the Store of Mr H. had been robbed in the early part of the winter, of some[thing] near $400.00, in his absence, and Mr Hilton having charge of the

Indian Territory with the Wyandots. His home was near Seneca, Mo. He was drawing some water from a well in his stable yard when the board across the mouth of the well, on which he was standing, broke, letting him fall into the well. The injuries sustained in the fail caused his death.


Store at the time. Upon the return of Mr H[ooker] he dismissed Mr H[ilton] and at the same time charged him with the robbery, or [with] being accessory to it. Mr Hilton, smarting under the disgraceful imputation, sought satisfaction in various ways, but in vain. He then challenged Mr H[ooker] thro’ Dr Gemundt, but [his challenge was] not accepted. He then determined upon summary chastisement. Armed with two Pistols, he sallied out into the street, and met Mr H[ooker]. Two shots were fired but without effect upon his opponent, while he received two horrid gashes in his abdomen, penetrating the viscera. The wounds are pronounced mortal.

Tuesday, 16.–Mr Hilton still alive.

APRIL, 1852.

Saturday, 10.–In the evening Rev. Mr Barker, Mr Scarritt’s successor, called upon us and spent some time with us.

Sunday, 11.–Frosty morning. Went to Church and heard a good sermon from Mr B.

Wednesday, 14.–We planted a large quantity of top Onions: nearly enough to supply all Holland if they do well.

My execration upon our new public Black Smith for a triffling lying scamp. I cannot get him to do any work for me. This is the first time in 35 years that I have had occasion to complain seriously of our public smiths; but this fellow, Priestly, is enough to provoke the soul of a saint. Received a letter from Maj. Moseley on Public affairs.

Sunday, 18.–A clear frosty morning. I fear for the fruit. It would seem that I am doomed never to raise any peaches, -notwithstanding the great care and pains I have taken in their culture. My labor, care and pains must go unrewarded.

Just heard of the death of John M. Armstrong, who died


in Mansfield, Ohio, while on his way to Washington City. Poor fellow! he was intent on no good in his journey to that City. His business was with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. He was an agitator among the Indians and has heretofore created much trouble among his own people, and the surrounding tribes. Buried be his faults with him. He died on the 15th instant and was taken to Bellfontaine and buried by the side of his Mother.

Also, died last evening, at the residence of her mother, Mrs Hester Fish, of Wakalusa. She was first cousin to the above, J. M. Armstrong.

Went to Church and heard a sermon from Mr Dofflemeyer. Mrs W. went over to visit the distressed widow.

Tuesday, 20.–To-day the Council meets and as Major M. is to be over I must attend.

Attended the Council. Major Moseley came round by Muncie town and bro’t down with him all the leading men of the Muncie tribe to answer to the Wyandott Chiefs for depradations committed by their people upon the property of the Wyandotts. They agreed to surrender the stolen property, or, if unable to do that, then surrender the thieves to the Wyandott Chiefs to be dealt with according to their laws.1

MAY, 1852.

Thursday, 6.–This morning my horse Draggon made his escape from the pasture. I pursued and recaptured him. Took my hand, Mr Oliver, and made some additional repairs to my pasture fence.

This day the OREGON COMPANY, Consisting of Mr McCowen and family, Mr Hunter and family, Mr Lynville and

1) The Muncies lived on the Delaware lands, and most of them lived in the vicinity of the present Postoffice of Muncie, in Wyandotte County, Kansas. They are a subtribe of the Delawares; the Delawares only permitted them to reside on their lands temporarily. They came West with the Stockbridges. Some Muncies and Stockbridges lived on the banks of the Missouri River, just below where Leavenworth City now is, and on the sites of the Soldiers’ Home, and Mount Muncie Cemetery.


family, with various others, names unknown, set out on their long and lonesome journey. About bed time the sky clear and the Heavens bespangled with stars.

Friday, 7.–Notified of the meeting of the National Convention on to-morrow.

Saturday, 8.–Attended the Convention above alluded to. The Principal Chief presided. The object of the meeting having been stated: that of authorizing the Council to take measures for the ratification of that part of the Treaty of April, 1850, which was suspended by the President and Senate. After an animated discussion of some four hours, a vote was taken and the measure was carried by two thirds majority. The next question was voting money to defray the expenses of a delegation to go to Washington. Carried. Convention adjourned.

Thursday, 13.–Burning our log heaps to-day. High winds.

Heard yesterday that there were cases of Cholera in Westport, and one death. John Lynch called here to-day. He complained of bad health: “Be me troth and its meself that’s had the chill every day and och! but I’m after getting very wake intirely, so I is.”

Friday, 14.–A young Doctor Rice, brother of Dr. Rice of Kansas, called to-day and spent the day with us.

The Cholera is in our land–several deaths near and in Westport. It is awfully destructive among the Mormon emigrants. The Shawnee Chief, Jackson, died yesterday of this complaint.

Saturday, 15.–M. Mudeater called to-day for despatches for Major Moseley, composed of triplicate receipts for Mr Isaac Baker and myself for our quarter’s pay. The former as Assistant Blacksmith, and myself as —– so and so. Also for the school fund for the first half year of 1852.

At about 4 o’clock P. M. we had an awful rain accom-


panied with hail, which lasted about two hours and a half. For the first time my cellar was inundated with water five inches deep.

Dr. Gemundt fled from the storm and took up quarters with us for the night.

Sunday, 16.–Mr Garrett found a horse with a woman’s saddle on, which was recognized as belonging to the Widow [of] Robert Coon, and shortly afterwards a child was found in Jersey Creek, drowned. Immediate search was made for the mother and [she was] found some distance below in the creek, her clothing having become entangled in a snag. The child was bro’t to our house and our women dressed it and laid [it] out. When the mother was found, the corpse was taken to the Council house. There is no doubt but she attempted to cross Jersey Creek on Saturday evening after the storm, when it was at its highest; for it rose in a short time 10 or 11 feet.

Monday, 17.–John Bigsinew died yesterday of Cholera or, what is more probable, [of] Delirium Tremans.

Tuesday, 18.–This being a Council day, I must attend, as Major Moseley has sent word over that he would be here. There is every appearance of a clear day, but whether it will be a warm day is somewhat doubtful.

Went to the Council to meet Major Moseley. Done up some public business. Wrote out the instructions for the deputation going to Washington. Major M. returned home, and I did the same.

Previous to leaving, a gang of Muncies were arraigned for Horse stealing from some of our Wyandotts. They are a great set of Scamps.

Tuesday, 25.–11 o’clock A. M., still raining. No more ploughing to-day

“So lay by the shovel and the hoe

And hang up the fiddle and bow-”


We are doomed to be without fruit this year.

12 o’clock M., Raining still. Shall the rains forever devour?

I wish Thompson, the Scotch Poet, and author of “THE SEASONS” had flourished in this day and resided in this country,–I mean Upper Missouri, and was now writing his Seasons. I think it would afford some amusement to read his descriptions of Missouri Seasons. I fancy he would, in a short time, hie back to his Caledonian Hills and bid an eternal adieu to this Humid, murky, rainy, stormy, inconstant, dismal, Labradorian climate.

Wednesday, 26.–About 8 o’clock A. M. the shining face of Old Sol was seen thro’ the misty clouds, but a repulsive frown from old Boreas soon caused him to withdraw behind a dark cloud. Raining.

Wm. Mulkey called and spent an hour, and returned.

Doctor Gemundt called to see Mrs W. for whom he is prescribing.

Yesterday the Wyandott delegation for Washington set out on board the Elvira.

Thursday, 27.–Mr Muir is to be united to Miss Mary Rankin this evening.

Rec’d a letter from my Attorney, F. Hereford, informing me that my A | c against the Estate of C. Graham, dec, was allowed by the County Court, minus $2.50 for “Wintering a Steer.”

Friday, 28.–In the afternoon the girls came home from the party at the Union Hotel, accompanied by W. Mulkey and a Mr King from Georgia.

Sunday, 30.–Went to Church and heard a sermon by Mr Dofflemeyer. Heard of the death of Mr Preston Knight, late P. M. in Kansas.

JUNE, 1852.

Tuesday, 8.–My execration upon my neighbors’ swine. They commenced taking up my Corn. I will have one of


two things to do,–either Kill the young ones or lose my crop. I will do the former, “that’s flat.”

Attended the session of the Council.

Came home in the evening and found the dolorous and weeping and inconsolable and never to be consoled (till married again) Widow Graham. And like the weeping Philosopher her tears still flow like the tail race of a mill, as tho’ never did woman lose a husband before but herself FAUGH!!!

Wednesday, 9.–Replanted our field which has been taken by Mrs A’s Pigs. While doing so, we Killed three of them.

Thursday, 10.–Nearly the whole Nine acres were destroyed by the accursed swine. During this forenoon we Killed two more.

Friday, 11.–Messrs. Elwell and Watkins, (the former a Daguerreotypist and the latter a Telegraph Operator) called upon us this afternoon. The latter Gentleman furnished me with a late Daily St. Louis Republican in which are given briefly the ballotings of the National Democratic Convention. On the 49th ballot Gen. Pierce of N. H., never named as a candidate for the Presidency, heretofore, was declared the nominee, to the great dismay and consternation of the old Fogies, the young Americas, the young Africas, &c. The same paper contains information of the passage thro’ Congress of the Bill granting the right of way and the adjacent public lands to the Pacific and Hannibal and St. Joseph Rail Roads.

Visited my Corn field and found three pigs in it taking up the Corn just replanted. I killed two of them with a Club and the third made his escape. Too bad, too bad!

Sunday, 13.–Clear and beautiful morning. To-day the Funeral Sermon of the late John M. Armstrong is to be preached by the Northern Preacher, Mr Whitten, at the Brick Church.


One death in K. by Cholera last night–a stranger.

All went to Church and Mr W—– preached from Psalms.

“Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His Saints.” A large congregation attended, and many Citizens of Kansas were in attendance.

Just heard of the death of AARON COON. Mr and Mrs Dofflemeyer dined with us to-day.

Tuesday, 15.–I have resting on me to-day, to my great annoyance, not the spirit of heaviness “nor” the spirit of prophesy,” (except that I prophesy we shall have no rain to-day), but the genuine spirit of indolence. So inveterate is it, that not even the Odic force of the Spiritual rappers can move me, or set my symmetrical frame into motion. I feel much inclined to the twin brother of my complaint, Somnolency. Wake up! Wake up!!

Addressed a communication to Major Moseley on et ceteras.

Thursday, 17.–Wrote a communication for Cist’s Advertiser on St. Clair’s defeat.

Friday, 18.–Mr N—–. replanting corn and Killing pigs. I am resolved to extirpate every infant or minor swine that I may detect destroying my Corn; no matter to whom they belong; my own shall share the same inexorable sentence.

Saturday, 19.–William Clark and Lady from Canada arrived to-day. Also, Adam Brown, who went to that country as refugee from justice.1

The Quarterly Meeting of the M. E. Church, South, commences to-day.

1) It was hardly so bad as that. This trouble was the quarrel spoken of by Governor Walker between Abelard Guthrie and Adam Brown. Guthrie was on the defensive at all times, and wished to be on good terms with his father-in-law. He brought the matter to the attention of Major Moseley, who submitted it to the Council with a recommendation to that body to intercede. I have Major Moseley’s letter on the subject. Brown had shot at Guthrie. Brown’s friends urged him to go to the Wyandots in Canada and remain awhile, which he did. It is more than probable that he went with the knowledge and consent of Guthrie and the Council. When he returned all parties to the quarrel became friends.


John S. Bearskin, one of the chiefs, called here to-day.

We got no mail. “The Blue’s up.

Sunday, 20.–Had a visit from the Clergy, Revs. John F. Peerey, Dofflemeyer and Wallace. We went to Church. Mr Wallace preached. Dr. Ready and Mr Funk come home with us to dinner.

Received a letter from Maj. Moseley.

Monday, 21.–Waiting for news by Telegraph from the Whig National Convention.

Went to Kansas and learned that Gen. W. Scott was the nominee of the Whig National Convention, and Wm. A. Graham of N. C., Vice P.

JULY, 1852.

Friday, 2.–The corpse of Gov. Calhoun, who died on the road from Santa Fe to Kansas was bro’t in for burial. He is to be buried with Masonic Honors. What train bro’t the remains in is yet unknown.

Saturday, 3.–Wrote a letter to Scott and Bascom of the “Ohio State Journal.”

Mr N—– gone to Kansas to bring our Mail, should we be so fortunate as to get one from the East; and provided always, “The Blue” is not up.

Tuesday, 13.–Went to attend the National Convention to nominate candidates for the ensuing election.

For Principal Chief.

George I. Clark.              John D. Brown.


James Washington vs      F. A. Hicks.

Mat Mudeater                 vs      John Arms.

Tauromee             vs      John Sarrahess.

John S. Bearskin    vs      John Hicks, Jr.


Legislative Committee.

J. W. Grey Eyes      vs      Silas Armstrong.

Isaac Brown           vs      Thomas Coon-Hawk.

W. Walker             vs      J. T. Charloe.

Sam’l Rankin                  vs      Louis Lumpy.

John Gibson          vs      White-Crow.

Saturday, 17.–Sent my letters to the P. O. by H. C. Long.1 Rec’d a letter from Major Moseley.

Friday, 30.–The day set for the trial of Killbuck Standingstone, charged with the murder of Isaac Peacock, who came to his end in a drunken brawl, but by what means is not yet known. The Council sent for me to attend the trial, but the family being quite ill, I begged off.

Mr Barker spent the day with me in social chat.

Saturday, 31.–Heard that the Court failing to get a Jury, the trial of the accused was postponed.

AUGUST, 1852.

Tuesday, 3.–The council in session; sent me a written request to prosecute Killbuck Standingstone at the ensuing trial. Replied that I would attend.

Wednesday, 4.–Attended the trial and entered upon my duties as Prosecutor. After empannelling the Jury, proceeded to examine a large number of witnesses; opened my Case and concluded my argument, and was followed by J. W. Gray Eyes for the defence. The case was then submitted to the Jury [at] 5 o’clock P. M., then [I] came home.

Thursday, 5.–Daniel McNeal came to go to work for me.

1) Henry Clay Long wag a son of Alexander Long, and a brother of Irving and Isaac Long. Alexander Long was born in October, 1793, came West with the Wyandots and died in the “Wyandot Purchase,” October 13, 1851. H. C. Long married a Miss Hunter, sister to Zelinda M. Hunter, the second wife of Silas Armstrong. He did not remove to the Indian Territory with the Wyandots when they resumed their tribal relations, but remained in Wyandotte County, Kansas. His property increased in value and made him wealthy. He died in California about 1886, and was brought home and buried in Huron Place Cemetery, but afterwards removed to the Wyandot Cemetery, near Quindaro. He was a member of Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, A. F. & A. M.


Learned that the Jury in Killbuck Standingstone’s case remained cooped up all night without agreeing.

The Jury rendered their verdict to-day, Manslaughter.

Sunday, 8.–Mr Watkins called this evening and spent an hour. “Old Bullion is elected to Congress.”

Tuesday, 10.–This being the second Tuesday in August, our National election comes off to-day, with a Barbecue.

Attended the election and Barbecue. The following is the result of the election:

John D. Brown, Principal Chief.


James Washington.

M. Mudeater.

John Hat [Tauromee].

John S. Bearskin.

[Legislative] Committee.

S. Armstrong.

W. Walker.

Isaac Brown.


Louis Lumpy.1


Win. Gibson

John Sarrahess.


J. W. Gray Eyes.

Wednesday, 11.–Went to Kansas for a Doctor and some family stores.

Arrived at Kansas, Agent Chenault, with a large deputation of Sacs and Foxes on their way to Washington.

Learned that Clark and Mudeater landed yesterday evening at the upper landing. What has become of their colleague and conductor?

Saturday, 14.–Mr A. Guthrie called upon us to-day.

Isaiah Walker called in the evening and delivered our mail.

1) The name Lumpy was formerly written Lump-On-The-Head, and is a name belonging to the Deer Clan and refers to the horns on the head of the deer when they first begin to grow; they are then two large lumps.


Sometime about midnight he returned and informed us that Mrs Garrett was attacked with a bleeding at the nose which could not be arrested. Harriet got up, dressed and went over and he went after Dr. Wright, but failed in finding him.

Sunday, 15.–At the dawn of day I went over; but she had succeeded in stopping it.

Dr. Gemundt called upon us to-day, having recovered from his illness.

Wednesday, 18.–My Ox “Brin” Committed a breach upon my corn field last night. After having gorged himself sufficiently, he quietly gave himself up to repose. I awakened him with a heavy charge of Coarse Salt in his flank, which had somewhat of a stimulating effect upon his Cuticle; and while smarting, snorting rearing and pitching, I gave him a second, which instead of quieting him only made him worse. I have now got the Maurauder chained up to the Bar post, where he can quietly digest his Corn.

Friday, 20.–The Girls went over to Kansas for some medicines and other supplies; but as usual got no mail. My execrations upon these infamous Mail Contractors!

Mr and Mrs Dofflemeyer gone to the Shawnee Camp Meeting.

Three Gentlemen, travelers, called this evening and wished to stay all night, but owing to our illness we advised them to stay at Mrs Garrett’s. They accordingly went there.

Saturday, 21.–They called over this morning and proved to be Mr McDaniel of St. Louis and two Brothers by the name of Thompson.

Monday, 23.–Heard of the death of B. A. Moseley, who died at sea, on his return from California.

Thursday, 24.–Major Moseley called and stayed all night. There is some mistake about the death of Beverly A. Moseley.


Learned that Joel W. Garrett had arrived.

Saturday, 28.–Mrs W. and I made preparation to go to Kansas. We set out about 9 o’clock and returned at 2 p. m. somewhat fatigued. Learned while gone that the widow G. D. Williams died this morning at 4 o’clock. The Delaware Camp Meeting going on.

Sunday, 29.–There being no Clergyman to officiate at the Church, we all staid at home. In the evening Mrs Hannah Norton called and spent an hour with us.

Monday, 30.–Joel W. Garrett and Isaiah [Walker] called over and spent an hour with us.

Night–And no doctor. Well, let them take my execrations and maledictions instead of a fee.

Tuesday, 31.–12 o’clock M., Mr Dofflemeyer returned from the Delaware Camp Meeting.

Mr Muir and McNeal working at the Camp ground, building us a shantee.

The weather is now remarkably dry and the face of nature now begins to assume the livery of autumn. Autumn leaves around me falling remind me that I am nearing “the sear and yellow leaf” of life.

Evening-No Doctor to visit Mr Gilmore. Fears are entertained that his Fever will assume the Typhoid form, and if it should, he being so very weak, it will run him hard.


Thursday, 2.–Nature has this morning put on her gay green livery. The Sun rising in Golden Splendor. Cool and pleasant day.

Mr Gilmore continues sick. His fever seems to have assumed, as I feared, the Typhoid form, and growing weaker every day. My own health is poor.

Friday, 3.–Mr G. some better this morning, but this is all delusive, nothing permanent.


Our folks all in a bustle, house up side down, moving to the Camp ground, Cooking utensils, provisions, Bed clothes, &c.

In the evening I went to the consecrated ground and found a very comfortable shantee erected. Staid all night.

Saturday, 4.–Splendid morning. Interesting religious exercises, with short intermissions, during the day.

Splendid weather:–clear blue sky, pure air, good for invalids and the infirm.

Sunday, 5.–At the Camp ground. The great Conch1 shell was Sounded as the Signal to rise from our beds and prepare for morning devotions and breakfast.

At 11 o’clock A. M. a large Congregation assembled under the Arbor prepared for the occasion and was addressed by a Rev. Mr Love of St. Louis in a sermon of great eloquence and ability. The weather continued beautiful thro’ the day. Devotional exercises were continued thro’ the day, and till a late hour in the night. Several new members were received into the Church.

Monday, 6.–Weather fine. Meeting continued.

Some [time] in the night our negro boy, Henry, left his bed and mysteriously disappeared. He had been complaining of illness. When daylight appeared a general alarm was raised and search instituted. His track was at length found, [and indicated that he was] making his way west. About 8 o’clock A. M. John Sarrahess bro’t him in. He had wandered off three miles. He could give no rational account of himself, He must have been deranged at the time he went out.

Meetings were kept up thro’ the day.

Mrs Garrett of Ohio, and family, arrived this evening.

Tuesday, 7.–After the Morning Meeting, the Camp

1) This shell is now in my possession. It was in the possession of the Wyandots for centuries. It is much worn and decayed, so much so that it can be sounded only with much difficulty.


Meeting was adjourned sine die. The tents were struck and [soon] all [were] homeward bound. Dr. Gemundt paid us a visit.

Saturday, 11.–Just learned that poor Jacob Charloe was dead. Alas! we could easier have spared a better man.

Sunday, 12.–Wrote to Rev. John F. Peerey on Church matters.

Reading Schoolcraft’s “THIRTY YEARS AMONG THE INDIAN TRIBES.” I am disappointed in the character of the work. It is made up from extracts from his journals and his correspondence. Conversations with distinguished men, literary men, on Indian philology, etc–nothing Historical–nothing new on Aboriginal History.

Mrs Nancy Garrett called over this evening and took tea.

Jacob Charloe was buried to-day at 11 o’clock.

Tuesday, 14.–We have had no rain to-day, tho’ it has been cloudy all day.

Rec’d a dispatch from Maj. Moseley, informing me of the death of Mr Perkins, the Shawnee Blacksmith.

Thursday, 16.–Mrs W. set out for a little town down the river, called by some Richfield, and by others St. Bernard, to visit a Dr. Carter who has the reputation of being skillful in all sorts of Cutaneous diseases, for the purpose of being treated for a fiery and angry irritation [that is] breaking out upon her face.

M. R. Walker returned this morning [from] the Circuit Court and reports that Isaiah Zane, indicted for the murder of John Kayrohoo, was sentenced to ten years imprisonment in the Penitentiary. He deserved no less than this.

Sunday, 19.–Engaged in writing a long epistle to the Northern Bishop who is to preside at the Northern Conference in St. Louis, upon their Missionary operations among the Indians.


Monday, 20.–In the evening F. A. Hicks and John D. Brown called and spent the evening in interesting chat.

Tuesday, 21.–Rec’d a communication from Major Moseley enclosing some blank receipts to he signed by the assistant Smith and the Ferryman.

No money to pay Mr Interpreter.

Thursday, 23.–Dofflemeyer [is] running round the country like an insane man. No one can understand his movements. To-morrow he and his spleeny . . . are off for Platte. What takes them there, is beyond my power of divination. Nor am I much concerned, whether he be sane or insane. His conduct, to say the least of it, is quite strange. Could he have had an over gorge of Saur-Kraut?

He came over to pay me a visit at candle-light and staid till a late hour. I think he is sane.

Friday, 24.–Cloudy and raining. My Rheumatism a little better.

Learned that George Punch, of Ohio Penitentiary memory, has the small pox. Finished my letter to the Bishop, making sixteen pages, in which I have attempted to show up these canting Methodist Abolitionists in their true colors. The preachers of the Northern Methodist Church prowling round on this frontier are the most contemptible, hypocritical, canting set of fellows that ever disgraced Christianity.

Saturday, 25.–Mr and Mrs Dofflemeyer started for Platte this morning.

Sunday, 26.–McNeal came home from Kansas. In the dumps. Went off in the evening; where he went, I know not. But suppose be is “on a burst.”

Monday, 27.–McNeal came home this morning, bearing all the appearances [of] a night’s debauch. Informed me he was going to quit. I told him I was very well satisfied. His clothes were packed up and he put out. Poor fellow! he is one of the most indolent, trifling, worthless young men I have ever seen.


Presley Muir called over this evening in company with his Father, who has come out on a visit. “A fine old Gentleman, all of the olden time.”

Tuesday, 28.–Rec’d a dispatch from Maj. Moseley, by P. D. Clark, informing me that he had received orders from the Superintendent to repair to St. Louis for the Annuity due his Agency.

Wednesday, 29.–Mrs W. and I went to Kansas, made some purchases of family stores, medicines, etc.

Dined at Mr Geer’s. F. Cotter died this forenoon. Came home in the evening somewhat fatigued.

OCTOBER, 1852.

Friday, 1.–Wrote to I. C.–on a mystery. 4th Street, St. Louis.

Went to Kansas and assisted Mr Geer P. M. in making out the Account for his P. 0. Did not get done. Came home in the evening. Cloudy and damp all day.

Mr Porter commenced work to-day.

Saturday, 2.–Learned yesterday that my worthy neighbor and present Pastor, D. Dofflemeyer was reappointed to this charge, and Rev. Mr Barker to the Delaware Mission and Rev. John F. Peerey, Presiding Elder.

At 4 P. M. F. A. Hicks called for Sophia, who owing to ill health, intends spending the winter with her relations in Hardin County, Ohio. Altho’ it was raining, yet she and Miss Huldah & Harriet boarded his carriage and put out. Miss Huldah is going to Harrisonville to spend her winter. Sophia will go in company with Mr J. S. Dawson who is going into that County. She will reside with her Uncle and Aunt, Mr and Mrs Smalley.

Sunday, 3.–Raining. After breakfast the sky became clear. I then concluded I would go to Kansas and attend the dedication of the new Methodist Church by Bishop


Payne. We rigg’d up and set out, Martha accompanying me. The Bishop did not arrive, but a sermon, and an able one was preached by Mr McAnelly, Editor of the St. Louis Christian Advocate. Turned out to be quite a pleasant day.

Monday, 4.–Went to Kansas and learned that Mr Dawson and Sophia got off this morning at 4 o’clock on board the “Brunette”.

Came home in the evening. John Brown still very sick.


uesday, 5.–Cloudy morning and red in the East.

Went up in company with M. R. Walker to the Council held at Matthew Mudeater’s to make out the Annuity Pay Roll. Adjourned at sunset without completing our Roll. Came home sick; had a high Fever.

Wednesday, 6.–Went again to M. M.’s to resume the Pay roll, and completed it in the afternoon. J. D. Brown getting better.

Thursday, 7.–Commenced Copying the triplicate Pay rolls. F. A. Hicks bro’t home our Parlor Stove.

Friday, 8.–Resumed Copying the Pay Roll. Sent Porter to Kansas for some family stores. He came home sick.

In the evening I had a severe chill which was succeeded by a burning fever, which lasted nearly all night. Oh! such a night! no poor devil suffered more than I did. Continued copying the Pay Roll.

Saturday, 9.–Mrs W. and Harriet went down to Kansas. On their return, gave us information of an atrocious and bloody recontre between Mr Alfred Dale and a man, name unknown, a stranger, which took place this forenoon. Mr Dale received a horrible gash in the lower part of the abdominal region, letting out his intestines. His wound is regarded by the physicians as mortal. Finished my Pay Rolls.

Sunday, 10.–Mr Gilmore set out this morning for Kansas,


in company with P. Muir, intending to take, the Stage for Independence; there to remain under the medical treatment of Doctor Twyman for the Intermittent Fever.

Heard, on the return of Mr Muir, that Mr Dale was alive yet.

This evening I escaped my chill and passed a quiet and comfortable night.

Monday, 11.–Cloudy and threatening rain. 1 o’clock P. M., our folks came home in the midst of a shower. They report that Mr Dale is still alive and getting better.

Tuesday, 12.–Mr Porter tore up our hearth, refilled, reset and contracted the width of the fire place to cure it of its smoking propensity. It has in some degree obviated the difficulty.

Attended the election for delegate to Congress from Nebraska Territory. A. Guthrie received the entire vote polled.

Came home chilled and fatigued; took my last dose of quinine and spirits.

The Doffles got home. Now, stay at home.

Wednesday, 13. -Wrote to Wm. Flemming on business, and to Lyman C. Draper of Philadelphia on Indian History. Mr Porter set up our Stove in the parlor.

Doffle off again. What a fellow!

Thursday, 14.–Expecting Major Moseley to land at Kansas to-day, I went down and waited till evening, but no Boat. While there, I called upon Mr. Dale and found him in a fair way of recovering. Came home after dark.

Friday, 15.–Armstrong called this morning and informed me that he had seen Major Moseley since his arrival and [that he had] sent word requesting me to send the Pay Rolls over to his House. I accordingly employed Samuel Rankin to go as Messenger. Shortly after Samuel left, Peter D. Clark arrived bearing a dispatch from him to the


same effect as that sent verbally by S. Armstrong. He must be in earnest, and in a hurry.

Saturday, 16.–Went down to attend, by invitation, the Council. The subject up was the Annuity payment. Came home in the evening.

Sunday, 17.–Sent a dispatch to Major Moseley by Sheriff Gibson.

Martha and [I] rode down to Kansas to hear Bishop Payne preach the dedication sermon for the new Church. A very large Congregation. The Church being in debt, a subscription was raised, payable the first day of January next, and upwards of One thousand dollars was subscribed. We came home.

At 8 o’clock P. M. the Sheriff returned with a dispatch from Maj. Moseley, fixing upon Tuesday for the payment.

Monday, 18.–M. R. Walker returned last night from Cass County.

I went to the Council House, and finding nobody there, came home again.

Tuesday, 19.–To-day Major Moseley pays out the Wyandott Annuity. Creditors and debtors have much to do business on hand.

Went down to the Council House and found Major Moseley on the ground ready with his dust. Commenced 12 M. paying out, and without finishing, adjourned at sunset. Sent Henry Warpole to the Calaboose for drunkenness and disorderly conduct.

Wednesday, 20.–Resumed the payment of the Annuity and closed the Pay Roll at 2 P. M., and Major Moseley delivered a short valedictory to the Council and the nation not expecting to pay another Annuity.

Mrs W. went to take a Boat for Richfield to see her Physician.

The Council proceeded to settle up their public liabilities. Adjourned till next Tuesday.


Thursday, 21.–I am tortured with the Rheumatism in my left hip. Mrs Dofflemeyer spent the day with us. Writing a long letter to Sophia.

Friday, 22.–Rode out to Mrs Rankin’s to settle up some money matters. Came home and found the Widow Squeendehtee. I settled up my money agency with her also, to her great satisfaction.

Old Connecticut sick again this evening with what he calls the dumb ague.

Saturday, 23.–On going out I found that my old ox, Brindle, had broken into my Garden and committed divers mischievous acts upon my fruit trees and shrubbery.

Sunday, 24.–Mrs W. came home, escorted by James Patton.

Tuesday, 26.–Went to attend the settling off [of] the public national accounts. Were engaged all day without finishing. Adjourned till to-morrow.

Wednesday, 27.–Went down to resume the auditing of the public accounts. Closed about sunset.

Friday, 29.–We, that is, I and Mrs W., have in contemplation a visit to our Estates in Cass County; but the weather being so forbidding that we must wait for a change, as we are both invalids.

A gloomy day, well calculated to generate ennui in a Frenchman. Blue devils, green devils.

Sunday, 31.–Our folks gone to Church. Mrs Hannah Norton called in and handed me a letter sent over from the P. 0. It proved to be one from my Agent, Col. Goodin, enclosing a draft for $133.64.

Mr Guthrie called and dined with us. We discussed politics, especially the election of delegate for Nebraska Territory.



Monday, 1.–Mrs W. and I rigged up our horses and set out for Cass County to see to our Estates. Went as far as Westport and staid all night at Wesley Garrett’s.

The Shawnee payment going on.

Tuesday, 2.–Resumed our journey–a cold morning. Reached Mr Richard Berry’s, 18 miles, [and] being fatigued, staid all night. In the morning, the 3rd,* raining; wind from the N. E. Notwithstanding the weather looked so unpromising, we set out on the boundless prairie. In the afternoon the sky became clear and the wind fell, and it became a pleasant afternoon. Reached the Farm about sunset, distance, 23 miles.

* Here I have committed a Faux pas.

Wednesday, 3.–Rained and stormed the whole day. I had no chance of riding out and visiting the neighbors. We kept close quarters all day. Our tenant has raised a fine crop of Corn and plenty of vegetables. I am better pleased now than before, with my farm.

Thursday, 4.–The storm continues furiously. I was desirous of visiting my Grand River land, but to ride out on such a day would be martyrdom. Kept housed up all day. Entered into another bargain with Mr Shipley for two year’s farming at $40. per annum, he keeping the land clear of taxes.

Friday, 5.–Started for home. A cold, raw, windy morning. Suffering with Rheumatism. Came to Berry’s and staid all night.

Our Host is a Case-quisical, jocular, garrulous and humorous: a man well fitted for a frontier life.

Here I have committed an egregious blunder. Thursday and Friday we staid at the Farm, and, as already stated, it stormed all the time. We did not start home on Friday, as stated above, but on —


Saturday, 6.–And [we] came to Mr Berry’s.

Sunday, 7.–Reached home at 4 P. M. Found all well. Truly glad to get home.

Friday, 19.–I learned on yesterday that Doctor Clipper, the Northern Preacher, and his lady arrived on Tuesday last. He succeeds Rev. James Witten as preacher in charge of the pitiful faction here. I hope the Doctor will demean himself, as a preacher of the Gospel, better than his degraded “predecessor,” who rendered himself notorious as wanting the jewel, veracity. Poor degraded man he is sent to another field of labor. He could not be tolerated here any longer. He became known, hence he was shipped to another field,–whence he could, at least, for twelve months impose upon the ignorant, his “base coin.” 1

Saturday, 20.–Went to Kansas in company with A. Guthrie. Rain, snow, sleet. In the evening the storm increased in violence, and I came home in the midst of a perfect “pour down,” after dark.


Wednesday, 1.–This day at 2 o’clock P. M., my old and tried friend, James Washington2, departed this life–aged 65.

1) This is an injustice to Mr. Witten. He was a good man of more than average ability. He was a Virginian (born in Tazewell County), and his family was closely related by blood to that of Lord Baltimore. He was a close kinsman to William Cecil Price of Springfield, Mo.; his mother was a Cecil. He remained in the M. E. Church, after the division, and this caused many of his relatives, who were slave-holders, to condemn him. His brother Thomas was one of the founders of Portland, Oregon.

2) The following biographical sketch was written by Governor Walker. The friend that gave him the information was John Hicks, who died a little latter. (see note 1, page 373). Governor Walker was mistaken in his statement that Washington was a full-blood. He was a descendant of the famous Chief, Half King, and was not more than a half-blood:

“Died of pneumonia at his residence in Wyandott, December 1, at the hour of 2 P. M., James Washington, one of the oldest Councilors of the Wyandott Nation, in the 65th year of his age. The subject of this brief sketch was a full-blooded Wyandott belonging to that subdivision of the nation into tribes or clans known as the ‘Beaver tribe’, From my first acquaintance with him as an official member of the Church I found him a firm, inflexible and consistent Christian. Rarely if ever, cast down with discouragement and as rarely carried away with any excess of excitement–not on the hill top


Tuesday, 7.–Rec’d a summons from the Principal Chief, ordering a meeting of the Legislative Committee.

The Committee convened and organized by the appointment of Jacob White-Crow as Chairman, and then proceeded to the usual preliminary business.

Saturday, 11.–Went to attend the Council, and there learned that a murder had been perpetrated the night before, in a drunken brawl, by John Coon, Jr. and Martin Big-Arms, upon the person of Curtis Punch. Both [were] committed for trial. John Hicks, Jr. was elected to supply the vacancy in the Council caused by the death of James Washington. Wrote to A. Guthrie.

one day and in ‘the slough of despond’ the next. In his religious profession he was truly like an even spun thread.

“I have been kindly furnished by an intimate friend of the deceased with a Biographical sketch; from which I will make [excerpts]. ‘I became acquainted with my friend in the summer of 1814. He did not manifest a disposition to take part in the councils of the nation, but on the contrary shun’d public notice, prefering his former pursuit, the chase, to that of listening to the eloquence of chiefs and councilors or making any attempts at public speaking himself–prefering the quite camp fire with a few of his friends in the deep dark forest to the noise and bustle of the council fire. He was, however frequently elected by the chiefs of that day as confidential messenger or bearer of important speeches in their diplomatic intercourse. The old chiefs looked upon him as, (to use their own peculiar expression,) he was a discreet and prudent young man. Sometime in the winter of 1822 & 23, he was bro’t under serious awakenings thro’ the ministry of Rev. J. B. F. and sometime after was rec’d into the Church. At what time he experienced a change of heart and obtained the evidence of his acceptance I know not. As the first I knew of the change that had taken place in my friends life was at a prayer meeting at a private house. As I approached the house I was astonished and amazed at recognizing my friend’s Lion like voice employed in the delivery of an animated and stirring exhortation. He gave indisputable evidences of genuine piety and was at the proper time placed in charge of a class, and continued [in] that position the remainder of his life. In 1832 he was elected a councilor and served one term as principal Chief of the nation. Afterwards continued as Councilor of the nation till his death. I have been associated with him in public life for twenty years and can say with truth, he was a man you could with safety confide in. I have seen him often placed in situations the most trying to a man’s integrity and veracity, situations which would determine the stuff and material he is made of, but Washington invariably came out triumphant and at the same time came unscathed. He was one of nature’s noblemen, hallowed and purified by the Christian religion.’ Such briefly is the account given by his friend of his early history. Washington died as he lived enjoying the confidence in peace with God and his fellow men. He exhorted all who visited him to perseverance and faithfulness especially Brother J. D. Brown. the present principal Chief, who called to see him when very low. He committed his poor blind wife and his family to the God of the fatherless and widow, gathered up his feet and departed from among men to enter upon his reward.”


Monday, 13.–Old Connecticut sick again. Attended a night session of the Legislative Committee. Came home at 11 o’clock.

Tuesday, 14.–By my nocturnal labors and exposures I have bro’t my old complaint back again. I have a most acute Rheumatism in my right shoulder. Attended the joint meeting of the Council and Legislative Committee and elected Nicholas Cotter Ferryman for 1853. I notified Bryan Shehea, a roving, vagabond Irishman to leave the Territory

Wednesday, 15.–Went over and notified Jonny O’Bludgeon to leave the territory within fifteen days.

Mrs Mary Ann Garrett and Miss Sarah Zane spent the afternoon with us.

Friday, 17.–Went to attend the trial of John Coon. Was appointed by the Council public prosecutor, and S. Armstrong was retained as counsel for the defence. The case was submitted to the Jury about dusk, and I came away.

Saturday, 18.–Staid at home all day. Quarterly Meeting, commenced to-day.

Sunday, 19.–The old widow Mononcue1 died last night.

Went to Church. There learned that the verdict of the Jury was, “murder in the first degree.” This was wrong, It is not in accordance with the evidence. He could not be convicted of anything more than “Manslaughter.” But such is the verdict.

Monday, 20.–Mr Duffle[meyer], Mr Barker & Son, Jonny O’Bludgeon, John Pipe and Mrs Guthrie called upon us this Morning. Company enough for one morning. Sent my letters by Jonny to the Westport P. 0. Went down in the evening to attend the session of the Legislative Committee. No quorum appearing, we adjourned at 9 o’clock.

1) The wife of the Monocue spoken of so often by Finley in his “History of the Wyandot Mission.”


Sunday, 26.–Old Connecticut was found by our niggers lying in the mud about fifty rods from the House stiff and nearly dead. Mr Garrett and Mr Cox yoked up the Oxen and hauled him down to the House. He was then placed before the fire and thawed out. It took the whole night to bring him to consciousness. And then the impudent beast denied being drunk–said he had a fit. I being absent at the time, Mrs W. ordered him to leave the house–he refused to go; she thereupon made complaint to the Principal Chief, who ordere[d] the Sheriffs to take him and set him across the line, which was accordingly done. So ended our connection with Old Connecticut.1 He is without exception the greatest glutton–beast, and the most uncivilized white man I ever saw.

Monday, 27.–Attacked violently with the winter fever. Dr. Wright attending on me–blisters, nauseating doses.


JANUARY, 1853.

Sunday, 9.–Went to Church to hear M. Scarritt’s funeral sermon on James Washington.

Monday, 10.–Went up to write John Hicks’ will. He is fast sinking and cannot survive much longer.

Tuesday, 11.–Drew up a petition to the Council praying that body to restrain Dr. Clipper from opening a Missionary Establishment in our territory as unnecessary and useless.

Thursday, 13.–When shall we behold the sun again?

Friday, 14.–Cloudy as usual. Well, I incline to the opinion that the sun has taken his departure and located himself on the other side of the Sierra Nevada, in the region of California, attracted thither no doubt by the Gold that abounds in that country. We had a new moon on last Sunday, but it has not been seen. What has become of it? gone too?

Went and spent the evening with M. R. W. Clear night and for the first time, got a sight of Old Luna.

1) A Mr. Porter.


Saturday, 15.–Presley Muir came and cut and hauled some wood. I went to attend a night session of the Council, where the arrangements were made for the public execution of John Coon, Jr., on Tuesday, the 18th instant. Came home at 11 o’clock at night.

Sunday, 16.–All feeling unwell, none went to Church but Harriet.

Monday, 17.–Went in company with M. R. W. to select the ground for the public execution of the criminal.

P. Muir butchered our hogs–Aggregate weight 698 lbs, Attended an extra night session of the Council.

Tuesday, 18.–Clear and cold morning. Attended at the Council House.

At 1 o’clock the procession was formed at the Jail, the prisoner bro’t and placed in a Wagon and proceeded to the place of execution. At 1/2 past 3 o’clock P. M., the executioners, James Barnet, Tho. Pipe, Isaac Zane, H. C. Long, Louis Lumpey and Joseph White, under the command of M. R. Walker and Philip Brown, took their position ……… the signal was given and [the executioners] fired–the prisoner fell and was buried. Such was the fate and end of John Coon, Jr., a badly raised boy. He may be justly said to be the victim of a wicked and ungodly mother.

Wednesday, 19.–Wrote to Major Moseley at Sarcoxie, upon matters appertaining to the Agency, especially about the movements of the Northern Missionary.

Thursday, 20.–John Lynch came and made some alterations in our chimney to prevent its smoking. He succeeded to admiration in Curing the evil.

Friday, 21.–Wrote to A. Guthrie.

Monday, 24.–Commenced yesterday a communication for Cist’s Advertiser. Finished it to-day. Attended the night session of the Legislative Committee. Adjourned at 12 o’clock. Clear and moonlight.


Tuesday, 25.–At 1 P. M. went to attend the session of the Committee.

Wednesday, 26.–Sent by Sonny O’Bludgeon for our mail. But he had not returned last evening at dark. We greatly fear he has got into a sprey.

Thursday, 27.–Clear arid cold morning. No Jonny O’Bludgeon yet. The rascal has got into a drunken frolic, and has probably lost our mail.

Mrs Z. Armstrong, Miss Hunter, and the Misses Garret [came] on a visit to spend the afternoon with us.

Friday, 28.–Paid M. R. W. a visit. Heard of the death of Fighter. P. Muir called. No news of “Mister O’Bludgeon.”

Monday, 31.–Wrote to A. Guthrie. Attended the night session of the Legislative Committee.

W. Mulkey supposed to be married to-day to Miss D.


Tuesday, 1.–Mrs W. gone to K. and Harriet and Mary Garrett to Mr Mulkey’s infair at Esquire W. Al. McGee’s Mansion.

Wednesday, 2.–Harriet returned from the party at McGee’s.

Thursday, 3.–At 2 P. M. went to attend the session of the Committee, but found no quorum. Came home.

Sunday, 6.–Paid a visit to M. R. W. Found his maimed foot getting well. The Kansas River frozen over above the Ferry. Mr Dofflemeyer called this evening in company with John D. Brown, for the purpose of having written what was seen by the latter while in “a trance” last fall during his illness. I accordingly wrote what was seen.

It smacks very much of transcendentalism and wild insanity. But enthusiasts will and must have their whims.

Tuesday, 8.–Rec’d a letter from Nimrod McKnight, an


nouncing the death of Mrs Hannah Barrett, aged 79. Heard that Edmund F. Chouteau died on Monday at 2 A. M.

Thursday, 10.–Went to attend the session of the Legislative Committee. Came home with a severe nervous headache. Wrote to N. McKnight and Thomas Moseley, Indian Agents.

Sunday, 13.–In the evening went with [the] family to witness the nuptials between Isaiah P. Walker and Miss Mary Williams, at 4 o’clock, at the house of Silas Armstrong. A very respectable company was assembled and everything passed off very agreeably.

Monday, 14.–At 12 o’clock Meridian the venerable John Hicks1 departed this life [aged] upwards of 80 years. He

1) The following biographical sketch was written by Governor Walker:

“Died at his residence in Wyandott Territory, on the 14th inst., at 12 o’clock M., John Hicks, aged upwards of 80 years. The subject of this brief sketch was a half blood. His father was a German, captured during the old Indian wars in some part of Maryland, it is supposed, and was in due time regularly adopted into the Wyandott Nation, where he remained all his life. His son John Hicks, was in his youth, accidentally wounded very severely in the right thigh, which, owing to mismanagement, rendered him a cripple for life.

“In the year 1810, he with Between-the-logs, Mononcue, Matthew Peacock and George Punch, was called to the Council -Fire by Tarhee, the then ruling Sachem of the nation. In this important post he soon distinguished himself for wisdom, firmness and decision. He often detected and exposed the intrigues and machinations of Tecumseh and the Prophet, previous to the late war, in their operations with the Northwestern tribes. He continued in this important post with increased usefulness till the death of Tarhee, when by hereditary right, Da on quot succeeded him as the ruling Chief. Hicks continued in the same relation to the new Chief until the death of the latter in the summer of 1825. It was during his administration that Methodism was first preached among the Wyandotts. Being strongly imbued with the superstitions incident to heathenism, it was sometime before he could be convinced of the truth and reality of this ‘New doctrine,’ for it was indeed ‘New’ to him; as all his preconceived notions of the Christian religion were derived from the Romish Church, and not a very promising believer at that. Possessing an inquiring mind and a thirst for knowledge and a disposition to ‘Prove all things and hold fast that which is good,’ he availed himself of all opportunities when he could get the aid of a good Interpreter, of conversing with well informed Protestants upon religious subjects. In the year 1819 he, with his colleagues above named (except Da on quot who opposed this new religion bitterly). was received into the Church under the ministry of Rev. James Montgomery. From this period until the close of his pilgrimage he has continued unwavering and steadfast in his religious integrity, showing by his daily walk that the salvation of his own, and the souls of all within his reach was the chief business of his life. His conversation upon religious subjects showed unmistakably that he was in earnest–that he meant and felt what he said. He was exact and punctual in his attendance upon all the means of grace and a


was the last of the hereditary Chiefs of the Wyandott nation. He has been for thirty-five years a member of the M.. E. Church.

Tuesday, 15.–Mrs W. and Harriet rode over to pay a visit to our old friend and neighbor E. T. Peerey, who is laying very low with the Winter Fever. Attended the joint session of the Committee and Council. Both bodies adjourned to attend the Funeral of the late John Hicks.

In the evening snowing, and continued till late in the night.

Wednesday, 16.–Went to attend the session of the Committee. Presented to the Council the last Will and testament of John Hicks for probate.

cardinal maxim with him was to “Have no communion with the unfruitful works of darkness but rather to reprove them;” and in reproof he was proverbially severe; yet none acquainted with him could take offence. The ungodly, the persecutor and scoffer have often been made to writhe under the lacerating reproof administered by him. As an Exhorter he was fluent, eloquent and impressive. His mind maintained its vigor till within two or three years ago. Last fall a year, he was selected by the Chiefs to deliver, at the Church, an address on the life and character of a deceased Chief with whom he had been intimate many years. It was in this effort, discovered that his mental faculties were indeed falling into ‘the sere and yellow leaf,’–and the gigantic Oak was dying at the top. Mentally and physically, it was evident, he was sinking under the pressure of the hand of time.

“Father Hicks was ill about seven weeks before he died. I visited him about ten days previous to our last Quarterly meeting, when he expressed a desire to have administered to him for the last time, the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper at that time. His wife remarked that she did not think he would live that long. He seemed to be suddenly roused and said, ‘I feel confident that the Lord will spare me till then–yes, I shall live that long.’ Upon our arrival at the time appointed for that purpose, we found him drowsy and stupid; but upon hearing our voices, he woke up and recognized us both–Knew our business and was inclined to converse with us, but was too weak. Brother Peerey administered to him the sacred emblems.

“Suffering much and long, he evinced great patience and resignation. In his conversation with all who visited him he invariably stated he was ready to obey the summons at any moment–exhorted his friends to faithfulness in the cause. Thus departed this veteran from his post on the watchtower. The last of the hereditary Chiefs under the old regime of the Wyandott Nation.

“His age and feebleness extreme,

Who shall a helpless worm redeem!

Jesus, my only hope thou art:—

Strength of my failing flesh and heart,

0, could I catch a smile from thee,

And drop into eternity!”


Friday, 18.–Went over to C. B. G.’s and spent some time in social chat with Major Kirby.

Monday, 21.–Went up to appraise White-Wing’s farm. Came home. Raining.

Tuesday, 22.–Went and attended the last session of the Committee. Passed the Annual Appropriation Bill and adjourned sine die. Hired Monsieur Brouseau to work a while.

Wednesday, 23.–Attended the sale of John Hicks Estate. Came home in the evening.

Friday, 25.–Major Moseley set out for Delaware.

Went at candle-light to attend a Temperance meeting at the Council House. Pretty fair turn out.

Saturday, 26.–Mr Brouseau. and Dudley commenced haulng in our corn from the brickyard Field. Wrote an obituary of John Hicks, Sen.1

MARCH, 1853.

Thursday, 3.–The worthless Congress will be disbanded to-night at 12 o’clock. I pray Heaven this Republic will never be again cursed with such another Congress. Received two letters from Sophia informing us that her health was poor, and [that she] wanted to come home. Rec’d one from. A. Guthrie upon the subject of our territorial organization.

Friday, 4.–This day Gen. F. Pierce is inaugurated President, of the U. S. Friday is an ill day, a day of bad omen.

Saturday, 5.–My birthday! Fifty-three years old! that cannot be. I daily see men who are fourteen and fifteen years my juniors, who look as though they were as many years my seigniours. I am not yet, I trust, “in the sere and yellow leaf;” but how natural for men, when somewhat advanced in life, to vainly imagine they are still in “the dew of their youth.”

1) The biographical sketch given in note 1, p. 373.


Monday, 7.–Attended, at night, a temperance Meeting at the Church. Came home at 11 o’clock.

Tuesday, 8.–Mr Broseau went home after dinner; being too stormy to work. Sent by him my letters to the P. 0.; one to Judge C., Ph………a; one to Rev. B. H. Russel, California.

Wednesday, 9.–Sent Dudley to K., who shortly afterwards returned and reported that the ice above the ferry had broken loose and stove in the ferry boat and carried her of down the river, with a negro on board.

Thursday, 10.–Sent Dudley again to K. He bro’t our mail, with a Telegraphic dispatch announcing Gen. Pierce’s Cabinet: Secretary of State, Marcy, of N. Y.; Treasury, Guthrie, Ky.; Interior, McClelland, Mich.; War, Davis, Miss.; Navy, Dobbin, N. C.; P. M. G., Campbell, Penn.; Att’y Gen’l, Cushing, Mass.

Friday, 11.–Sent Dudley after my Frenchman to come to work. Found the rascally Bullfrogeater in Kansas chopping wood in the Street. Went over to sit up with Cyrus Garrett, who is very sick with the Erysipelas. Staid all night. Heard of the death of Henry Warpole and Ann White-Wing. The former died in the woods while hunting.

Saturday, 12.–Sent Sophia’s letter to J. Walker for him to enclose $40 to her. Dudley returned from K. bringing our mail. One letter from Sophia. Her health improving. Rec’d Senate bill organizing Nebraska Territory.1

Sunday, 13.–Went over to see Cyrus; found him improving. Staid till quite late.

Monday, 14.–Cold and cloudy morning. Therm. 18o. I am apprehensive [that] cold weather is likely to continue thro’ this New Moon.

1) I have been unable to learn anything of this bill. This entry would indicate that it was not the Hall-Richardson bill. But I can come to no other conclusion than that it was.


Answered M. Edwards’ letter. Just heard that Tom Coke had inflicted a mortal wound upon Solomon Kayrohoo, with an Iron poker.

Tuesday, 15.–Clear and cold. Therm. 10o. Attended a special session of the Committee. Unpleasant day. Heard of the death of Dr. Gemundt.

Wednesday, 16.–Commenced the copying [of] the Wyandott laws. Warm wind from the south. Cyrus Garrett is still very sick. Typhoid Fever. Therm. 22o.

Thursday, 17.–Went over to see Cyrus Garrett. Found him improving.

Engaged in copying the laws. A perplexing job! Amendments upon amendments come up like “spirits from the -vasty deep”; incoherent, incongruous, and inconsistent with the original laws. Such are the fruits of having Nin-Kumpoops to make laws.

Attended a Temperance Meeting at the Church. Delivered a speech at the request of the Society. Came home at 11 o’clock at night.

Tuesday, 22.–Attended the session of the Council. Not much done.

Wednesday, 23.–Mr Dofflemeyer commenced witewashing our House. C. B. Garrett returned home. Also, Hon. A. Guthrie from Washington. Our house upside down and topsey turvey.

Thursday, 24.–Mr D. still whitewashing and painting. At 2 P. M. got through, and [I am] heartily glad of it.

Friday, 25.–Cloudy morning; threatening rain. That filthy, greasy, loafing, poverty stricken, lying Frenchman, Broseau, has not returned to work. My execrations upon his pate!

Saturday, 26.–Sick. I am unable to tell my complaint. Something like dyspepsia. Feel wretched. Took a dose of


Cook’s Pills last night. Derived no advantage from them: Sick all day. Resumed recording the Laws–gave it up.

Sunday, 27.–I feel some better this morning; but my complaint is not done with yet. “The snake is scotched but not killed.”

APRIL, 1853.

Thursday, 14.–While in Kansas strong suspicions were excited that a gang of desperadoes was lurking about intent upon robbery and plunder; a person was detailed by the citizens to keep a look out. He associated himself with every suspicious person–to chat with each quite familiarly, and [he] finally succeeded in discovering who they were, their plans of operation, and that they had already committed a burglarious robbery upon a store in Parkville. He also ascertained where the goods were concealed, and [that] it was their intention to fire the town of Kansas that night. Prompt measures were then adopted for their arrest. Arrest succeeded arrest till nine were secured. They were sent to Platte City Jail to await their trial. They were a hard looking set of scamps.

Saturday, 23.–Commenced writing a review of an editorial which appeared in the “Sandusky Register.” It is a most scandalous calumny on the Wyandotts. This is the first instance of any of [the] Corps Editorial in Ohio attacking the Wyandotts.

Sunday, 24.–Finisbed my fulmination. Visited by E. Garret and Henry Garrett, who staid [a] couple of hours. In the evening the Rev. Mr Jones called upon us.

Wednesday, 27.–M. R. Walker bro’t us our mail, among which was a letter from Sophia, announcing to us the astonishing news of her marriage with Mr D. V. Clements, of Hardin County, Ohio, on the 5th instant. Well, perhaps its for the best.


Thursday, 28.–Just heard that Tom Coke was killed by Tom Mononcue, while returning from Parkville. Learned, as yet, no particulars.

Saturday, 30.–Sent by Adam Brown for our mail, but this was the last we have seen of him. I fear he got on a burst, and perhaps lost our mail and himself, too.

MAY, 1853.

Monday, 2.–Finished copying the Wyandott Laws1. Felicitatus!

A great temperance meeting at the Church to-night. These Temperance promises and pledges may, peradventure, last till “Dog days,” but I very much doubt it. They are seldom productive of any permanent good.

Tuesday, 10.–Attended the session of the Council. Friday, 13th, appointed for the trial of Thomas Monocue.

Heard of the removal of Thomas Moseley from the Indian Agency and the appointment of a Mr Robinson from the South West part of the State.

Wednesday, 11.–Wrote a long letter to the California Wyandotts. Wm. Priddee, Presley Muir & Company set out from Wyandott Territory for California, with nearly two hundred head of Cattle.

Friday, 13.–This is the day set for the trial of the criminal.

3 o’clock P. M.–Some of the jury and some of the witnesses failing to appear, the trial was postponed till Tuesday the 17th.

Mr George Twyman called this evening.

Monday, 16.–In the evening attended a Temperance meeting at the Church. The person chosen for speaker at a previous meeting not appearing, Mr D—–2 who always

1) I have searched for this copy of the Wyandot Laws, but have not found them. They are not among the papers belonging to the Council in the Indian Territory.

2) Dofflemeyer.


likes to bear himself talk, took the floor, and with his usual wild and uncouth ranting and horrid screams soon came near driving his audience out of the House, when S. Armstrong interposed and took the floor from him and delivered a short address in Wyandott, after which I followed in English.

Tuesday, 17.–At 12 M. went down to attend the trial of Thomas Mononcue. The jury empanelled and sworn. J. W. Gray Eyes, Prosecutor. M. R. W. and myself for the defence. The case was submitted to the jury at 6 o’clock, and I came home.

Wednesday, 18.–Just learned that the Jury bro’t in a verdict of “Man Slaughter in the Second Degree.” The Court unjustly and tyrannically sentenced him [to] four years solitary confinement.

Sunday, 22.–Went to Church and heard a very good sermon preached by Rev. Thos. Ashby. Invited him and his lady to dine with us.

Tuesday, 24.–Major Moseley and lady came and staid all night, by way of a farewell visit; he having been superseded in the Kansas Agency by a Mr Robinson, of Polk County, Mo

Thursday, 26.–Diable! Those drunken vagabondish ferrymen have the lost Ferry Boat. They say some one or two broke the lock last night and took the Boat, no one knows where. This is too provoking. The rascals have been drunk and lost the Boat themselves. Now we have another Embargo.

Sunday, 29.–To-day a Union Sunday School celebration comes off in Kansas.

Our Ferry Boat was found and recovered near Randolph.

Monday, 30.–Major Moseley came over in company with Major Robinson, his successor in office, and introduced him to us employees and such others as were present. Beautiful. evening, tho’ cool.


Tuesday, 31.–Sent a copy of the Ohio State Journal containing my vindication of the Wyandotts, for republication in the “Missouri Democrat.” Mrs Priestley & Mrs Dofflemeyer [came] on a visit [to us] and dined. Wrote to David Preston & Co., of Detroit, on the subject of Bounty lands.

JUNE, 1853.

Monday, 6.–Mrs W. and I went to Kansas to attend to some indispensable business. While in Kansas we found that “the Campbells” were not only “coming,” but had actually come. We had a regular family interview.

Saturday, 11.–Dressed out my Hominy Corn.

Harriet, Miss Armstrong, Miss Hunter & Miss Ninnie went up to Muncie town and staid all night.

Sunday, 12.–Our Clergyman being absent, there were no religious services at the Church. And as a consequence we all staid at home.

A strange sort of Genius called upon me to-day, an eccentric, wild and impulsive German. He was making researches into the various Aboriginal dialects. I exhibited to him such works as I had on hand, from which he made extracts, His English was bad and, if possible, his French was worse, He was in the outward man, rough and filthy.

Friday, 17.–In the evening Harriet found two swarms of bees hanging [to] a walnut tree. We turned to and prepared a couple of Gums and secured them. In the night we removed them to the Garden where they may accumulate as much honey as they please.

Sunday, 19.–Mr Dofflemeyer and Lady returned last evening from Platte County. The Northern Quarterly Meeting going on.

Wednesday, 22.–Mrs Nancy Pipe is very sick. Having had a paralytic stroke on her left side, rendering her insensible.


Thursday, 23.–Mrs Nancy Pipe continues insensible.

Friday, 24.–Harriet just returned from sitting up with the sick. Nancy no better.

Riddlesbarger Charivari’d last night.

Saturday, 25.–At dark news came that Nancy Pipe was dying. Harriet and I went over. She died at 20 minutes past 10 o’clock P. M. We sat up all night.

Sunday, 26.–After breakfast we returned to the afflicted family. A large concourse of our people assembled, and Rev. Mr Dofflemeyer delivered an address. Funeral to take place at 10 o’clock tomorrow.

Monday, 27.–Attended the funeral. The burial took place at 12 M.

Thursday, 30.–Mr & Mrs Clement arrived. A happy meeting among the folks.

JULY, 1853.

Tuesday, 12.–Attended the nominating Convention. The following is the result:

John D. Brown        vs      Tauromee.

Matthew Mudeater  vs      John Arms.

John Sarrahess      vs      Geo. I. Clark.

John S. Bearskin    vs      John Hicks.

John Gibson          vs      Thos. Pipe.

Wednesday, 13.–Capt. Black-Sheep called upon us today.

Friday, 22.–Martha gone to Kansas and Harriet to Muncie town.1

Monday, 25.–Cool and cloudy morning. Resumed cutting my grass. Warm thro’ the day. Sent Harriet to Kansas for some medicines for Mr C. who has every other day a chill.

In the evening three Gentlemen rode up and enquired if

1) Now Muncie P. 0. Wyandotte County, Kansas.


W. W. resided here. Upon being answered in the affirmative they stated they wished to stay all night. I sent them to Mr C. B. G.’s.

They said they were delegates to the Rail Road Meeting, in Nebraska, on the 26th inst. I would gladly have entertained them, but owing to family sickness I was compelled to send them where I did.

Tuesday, 26.–Very cool and clear.

Went over to C. B. G.’s and got my scythe ground.

Warm and sultry.

On yesterday morning One Hundred Snakes Standingstone died of Mania a potu.

At noon a messenger was sent for me to attend the Rail Road Convention. I saddled my horse and rode up to the Wyandott Council House, where I found a large collection of the habitans of Nebraska.

The meeting was called to order and organized by the appointment of Wm. P. Birney, of Delaware, President, and Wm. Walker, Sec’y.

A Committee was then appointed to prepare Resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting. James Findley, —– Dyer, and Silas Armstrong were appointed.

In accordance with the Resolutions adopted the follow- [sic] officers were elected as a provisional government for the Territory:

For Provisional Governor, Wm. Walker; Sec’y of the Territory, G. I. Clark; Councilmen, R. C. Miller, Isaac Mundy, and M. R. Walker.

Resolutions were adopted expressive of the Convention’s preference of the Great Central Rail Road Route.

A. Guthrie, late delegate, was nominated as the Candidate for re-election. Adjourned.

Thursday, 28.–Clear and cool morning.

M. R. Walker very kindly come to my aid with his hand


and team and hauled and stacked my hay in excellent order.

A. Guthrie called upon and dined with us to-day. Rec’d the printed proceedings of the Nebraska territorial Convention.

Great credit is due to the Proprietors of the “Industrial Luminary” in Parkville for their promptitude in publishing the proceedings in hand bills in so short a time.

Friday, 29.–Staid at home all day and rested by reading and writing.

Saturday, 30.–Clear and warm. Prospect of a warm day. Well, by action of the Convention of Tuesday last I was elected Provisional Governor of this Territory. The first executive act devolving on me, is to issue a Proclamation ordering an election to be held in the different precincts, [for] one delegate to the 33rd Congress.

At 10 o’clock A. M., a smart shower. This will in some degree, cool the ardor of the spectators of the exhibition of the Managerie of living animals in Kansas to-day.

AUGUST, 1853.

Monday, 1.–Issued my proclamation for holding an election in the different precincts in the Territory on the second Tuesday in October, for one Delegate to the 33rd Congress.

Attended at a Council of Wyandotts, Delawares, Shawnees, and Pottowotomies, in Delaware. Came home at midnight. Then [we] had a heavy rain.

Wednesday, 3.–At the request of a friend, I wrote my own brief Biography. While doing so, I was visited again by the crazy German mentioned under the date “Sunday, June 12.”

While engaged in making extracts from my books, he was taken with a chill. He is evidently partially insane. During the paroxysm of the chill, we discovered that the poor fellow was sans schme. He left in the evening.


Saturday, 6.–To-day Senator Atchison holds forth in Parkville, but I cannot go.

Monday, 8.–Geo. I. Clark, Sec’y of the Territory, called this morning and delivered the printed Proclamation (200 copies) for circulation.

Tuesday, 9.–Yoked up my oxen to see how “Old Brin” would work with his new partner, Darby. Well, they work charmingly. I am pleased with my team.

This is the day appointed for the Wyandott National election and Green Corn feast.

Wednesday 10.–” The Dog Star rages.” Therm. 95o.

Hauled a part of our effects to the Camp Ground. I am almost sorry I consented to Camp, the weather being so oppressively hot.

Thursday, 11.–I have lost a day. My reckoning is wrong, but let it pass. Hauled a part of our effects to the Camp Ground to-day, not yesterday.

Friday, 12.–Located among “the tents of Israel,” but in order to accomplish this, I suffered in the flesh.

Saturday, 13.–Public preaching by Rev. F. Ashby. In the evening we had a shower with a heavy wind creating a considerable clatter among the clap boards of our Shantee.

Sunday, 14.–At 11 o’clock a very large congregation assembled in the Brick Church, filling it to its utmost capacity.

Rev. F. Ashby preached an able sermon from the 1st Psalm.

In the evening a very warm and interesting meeting. The Church members seemed to enjoy the exercises with great gusto.

Monday, 15.–Religious services at short intervals, continued.

The ordinance of Baptism administered to Mr and Mrs Priestly, and a large number of children.


At night a warm and devotional prayer meeting.

Tuesday, 16.–Broke up and all moved home.

Thursday, 18.–Commenced a long letter to Presley Muir [who is] in California. Got my Kansas mail. Two Whigs elected from Missouri, Lindsey and Caruthers.

Sunday, 21.–I am vexed and tormented by my neighbor’s hogs. A more devilish and unruly set of swine I never saw. Preacher’s children and live stock, from such, “Libera nos, 0 Domine Deo”!

Thursday, 25.–Rec’d a letter from Major Robinson on official business.

Saturday, 27.–I must to-day collect some school statistics for Major Robinson.

Sunday, 28.–There being no services at the Church, all having gone to the Delaware Camp Meeting, we staid at home.

Monday, 29.–Mrs W., Mr Clement and myself went to Kansas.

Getting sickly in this place. Many pale faces.

Wednesday, 31.–Mr Guthrie called upon us to-day. All sick.


Friday, 2.–Mrs W. very sick. Our physician is very attentive to us in our afflictions, but our uncouth and clownish preacher attaches but little value to our spiritual interests, as he has never called to see us.

Tuesday, 6.–Mr Commissioner Manypenny came over in company with Rev. Thos. Johnston to pay the Wyandotts a visit. The Council being in session, I introduced him to the Council, to which body he made a short address.

Thursday, 8.–Harriet gone to Lexington and our eminent divine to the Conference in St. Louis. Dr. Wright called to see us.


Saturday, 10.–The Territorial Council met and adopted rules and regulations for the election of delegate to Congress from this Territory.

Sunday, 11.–A shower in the morning.

It turned out a pleasant day, but a dull and lonesome day. Not a soul called upon us thro’ the day. Wrote the Indian’s experience in Spiritual Rappings.

Tuesday, 13.–Attended the session of the Council. There met with Major Robinson, Indian Agent. Came home in the evening.

Friday, 16.–Tauroomee, N. Cotter and Philip Brown called to get some writing done. The two latter [are] going to California.

Tuesday, 27.–D. Dofflemeyer returned from St. Louis. Conference, that’s all about him.

OCTOBER, 1853.

Tuesday, 4.–Attended the session of the Council. Harriet returned home from Lexington, Mo.

A. L. Gilstrap, Bloomington, Mo.

The above is the address of a Gentleman who called upon me and spent the evening. He has been exploring Nebraska Territory with a view of settling.

Thursday, 6.–Rec’d a letter from Maj. Robinson, informing me that Com. Manypenny wished to have an interview with the Council to-morrow.

Friday, 7.–Attended a Council called by the Com. of Indian Affairs. Speeches were passed between the parties on the subject of the Territorial organization, selling out to the Gov’t.

Saturday, 8.–Completed my second Epistle to the Ohio State Journal on Territorial Affairs. Then hunted up my villainous horses. Harriet. gone to Kansas for our mail. Attended a called National Council.


Sunday, 9.–Harriet went to Sabbath School. M. R. W., Mrs M. Garrett, and Sarah Garrett called upon us and spent an hour in social chat.

Monday, 10.–Went to attend a special session of the Council.

Tuesday, 11.–Attended the election for delegate to Congress, for Wyandott precinct. Fifty-one votes only were polled.

A. Guthrie,            33

Tom Johnston,      18

The priesthood of the M. E. Church made unusual exertions to obtain a majority for their holy brother. Amidst the exertions of their obsequious tools, it was apparent [that] it was an up-hill piece of business in Wyandott.

Executed a Commission to J. B. Nones as Commissioner and Notary Public for Nebraska Territory.

Thursday, 13.–Went down to Kansas to see Mr and Mrs Clement on board a Steamer on their return to Ohio. A pleasant trip to ye. Farewell.

Thursday, 27.–Just getting over a most wanton and unprovoked attack of the Bilious Diarrhea which bro’t me ,close to death’s door.

Friday, 28.–Hired Isaac Big-Tree and James Arm, strong to chop wood. In the evening they went home.

In the evening the Mrs Garretts and Miss Garrett called and staid till bed-time.

Monday, 31.–I suppose we may safely set down Thomas Johnston’s election for delegate as certain. It is not at all surprising, when we look at the fearful odds between the opposing candidates. Mr Guthrie had only his personal friends to support him with their votes and influence, while the former had the whole power of the Federal Government, the presence and active support of the Commissioner of In-


dian Affairs, the Military, the Indian Agents, Missionaries,, Indian Traders, &c. A combined power that is irresistible.


Saturday, 5.–Rec’d a line from J. Walker informing me that Maj. Robinson, Indian Agent, had landed with the Annuity, and intended paying out on Monday.

Sunday, 6.–Wrote all day in copying the Pay Roll, having to make triplicates.

Monday, 7.–Attended at the Council House at an early hour, tho’ in poor health. The Agent having been furnished with only $17,500.00, leaving out $5,000.00 due under the Treaty of 1850, the Council refused to receive it. So ended the payment. The whole [matter] was adjourned indefinitely.

The Territorial Council, Sec’y and Governor then proceeded to open the returns of the Territorial Election. After canvassing the Returns it appeared that Thomas Johnston had received the highest number of votes, and was declared duly elected delegate to the 33d Congress.

Came home having P. D. Clark as a guest.

Tuesday, 8.–J. W. Garrett, Deputy Secretary, attended at my House, and we issued the Certificate of election to Thomas Johnston, delegate elect to the 33rd Congress.

Friday, 11.–Beautiful, warm morning. This is “Indian summer.”

Yoked up my Oxen and hauled home the Cabbage we bought from Mrs Rankin; then all hands went to work and we made a 1/2 Barrel of Saur Kraut, as good as ever was stowed away in the stomach of Governor Von Twillerer, or Peter the Headstrong.

Saturday, 12.–Mr Guthrie called and examined the election returns for delegate, and intends taking copies of them.

Sunday, 13.–Finished two letters. One to Mr O. H.


Browne, of Maryland, and the other to Mr Gilstrap, Editor of the “Bloomington Republican, both on TerritoriaI Affairs.

Monday, 14.–Went out to hunt my villainous horses, but could find nothing of them and gave up the chase. Mrs W. then went out for the same purpose, but returned fatigued and equally unsuccessful. C. B. Garrett returned from Ohio.

Thursday, 17.– Rode out to hunt for my ox, but could not find him. Harriet gone to Kansas to see a sick friend, Miss Martha Smart.

Friday, 18.–Went out again to hunt my runaway ox. Travelled over “hill and dale,” through jungles and thickets, swamps and morasses, but could find nothing of the old Scamp.

Sunday, 20.–Yesterday and to-day appointed for Quarterly Meeting; the weather being so unfavorable, there will not be much of a “turn out.”

The rainy appearance of the sky prevented us from going to Church.

Monday, 21.–Went down to attend the Annuity payment. After much parleying and delay, the payment commenced. By omitting, for the present, ten deceased persons, the $17,500 netted $30 per capita to 585 persons. Not getting through, it was adjourned till to-morrow morning, 10 o’clock.

Tuesday, 22.–Resumed the payment of the Annuity, and closed at candle-light. A tedious job we have had of it.

Wednesday, 23.–Mrs W. and Martha set out this morning for Parkville, this [being] their first visit to that place.

Went to meet the Council and Maj. Robinson. Bo’t of P. D. Clark an Osage Pony for $28.00.

Came home wearied of the bustle and turmoil of an Indian payment. Our folks returned from Parkville about sunset.


Thursday, 24.–Wrote a communication to Col. Manypenny, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, correcting an error in a communication published in the Missouri Democrat by Mr A. Guthrie in relation to a speech delivered by the former to the Wyandott Council.

Friday, 25.–Mr P. D. Clark sent my Osage Pony by his man “Friday.”

Saturday, 26.–Rode out to Matthew Barnett’s to recover my runaway ox, but could not find him. Returned home.

In the evening the Ladies from C. B. G.’s, accompanied by Mr Edgar Garret, came over and spent the evening with us.

Monday, 28.–Went the second time in pursuit of my ox. Found him at the Widow Kayroohoo’s and had much trouble and difficulty in getting him home.

Went to attend the session of the Wyandott Council. Met Maj. Robinson there. Learned that the Widow Ronucay died yesterday. Came home in the evening.

J. Walker purchased the Agency buildings and other improvements at $500.00.

Wednesday, 30.–Turned out my Osage Pony, and my two horses took turns in chasing her round the pasture. I then expelled one of them, supposing the other would then become more friendly and sociable with her; but no. He continued racing her round the pasture. I was compelled to put her in the stable for protection.


Thursday, 1.–Went to Church to hear Professor Southwick of Chapel Hill Academy, a Cumberland Presbyterian preacher. That portion of the sermon I heard was very good.

Saturday, 3.–Just heard that a deputation of Seneca


Chiefs had arrived, on public business with the Wyandott Council.

Attended the Council. Found seven Senecas, a deputation of Shawnees, and one of Delawares.

John Hatt, the Wyandott Principal Chief, opened the usual ceremonies, when the Senecas delivered a speech embracing the object of their Embassy.

The amount was to remind the Wyandotts that they were once appointed the keepers of the Council fire, and it was the wish of the Six Nations that they should re-kindle the fire in the West.

They were replied to thro’ the Shawnees, that the Council fire had been rekindled in the West five years ago last October, and the reason why they (the six nations) were not invited to attend and assist in the ceremonies must be plain and obvious to them, viz: they did not belong to the Ancient Confederacy of N. W. Indians, but to the Iroquoise Confederacy; therefore could claim no rights, nor have any voice in it.

Sunday, 4.–To-day the members of Congress, instead of going to Church and say[ing] their prayers, are busily engaged in canvassing and intriguing about the Speakership and Clerkship of the House.

Monday, 5.–Rec’d a proposition to purchase our Piano, from Rev. Scarritt for his Select School in Westport. Lowest figure, $200.00. The matter considered.

Beautiful day. Indian summer. To-day Congress meets.

To-day a fearful struggle takes place in the House of Representatives among the Candidates for Speaker and for Clerk. If the House gets organized to-day, the President’s message will be delivered.

Sold our Piano Forte to Rev. N. Scarritt, Principal of the Westport High School, at $200.00, 9 months credit.

Tuesday, 6.–Mr Dofflemeyer came with his Wagon to


take the Piano to Westport. We packed it up and shipped it off. Farewell, dispenser of sweet, concordant sounds!

The Council sent the Sheriff after me to attend their session. Well, I promptly and very decidedly refused. I thought it was time to have a short cessation of these public gatherings, and time to attend to my long neglected domestic affairs.

Friday, 9.–Finished reading “The Tenant of Wildfeld Hall.” I consider it one of the best written things of the Kind I have ever read. I like its terse and vigorous style of the pure old Anglo-Saxon dialect.

Wednesday, 14.–This evening a Cotillion party is to come off at the “Modie House” in Westport, but I cannot go, tho’ invited, owing to my crippled condition.

Thursday, 15.–Major Robinson sent for me to attend at the Council House. I went. He had received a communication from the Com. of Indian Affairs upon the subject of the $5,000–explaining the cause of its non-payment.

P. D. Clark’s Protest was read to the Council.

Tuesday, 20.–Harriet and Baptiste set out for Kansas, but on arriving, at the Ferry found the floating ice so thick and running so rapidly the Ferry Boat could not cross. So they gave it up and come home. Mr Dofflemeyer then proposed to Harriet that if she would go back with him, as he wanted to go over, he would venture with the Ferry Boat, and make the attempt to cross. They went and succeeded in crossing.

Friday, 23.–F. A. Hicks and Adam Brown called upon me to-day.

Finished a long letter in answer to one of enquiry about the general character of Nebraska, from some Ohio Yankees.

Saturday, 24.–To-day, the “Sons of Temperance,” have a celebration at the Church. In the evening the Division


was dismissed after its return to the Lodge Room. They made quite an imposing appearance when marching to, and from the Church. The repast, prepared for the Division and all who attended, was rich and bountiful. A social party at Isaac Brown’s.

Monday, 26.–Mrs Hicks, Mrs Williams, and Mrs Charloe, all aged and venerable Widows, called upon us to-day to pay us the compliments of the season. They dined with us and took their leave. Shall we ever eat another Christmas Dinner together?

Wednesday, 28.–Harriet and our garcon, Baptiste galloping over the country for marketing. I, engaged in issuing cards of invitation. Thus the day passed away.

Thursday, 29.–I, and my garcon hauled a load of chips from the woods, amounting to nearly a cord of solid wood.

Russell Garrett, in company with Harriet and some other company, gone to the Fair at Westport.

Friday, 30.–Mr Dofflemeyer called this morning, and as usual, in a hurry. Our folks who went to attend the Westport Fair, returned at 2 P. M. amidst the storm.

Our women up to their “Eyebrows” in culinary operations for to-morrow’s “Dinner Party.”

Saturday, 31.–The last and surviving day of Anno Domini 1853. At 10 o’clock A. M., snowing. A most uproarish and squally day: rain, snow, hail and dust circling in clouds in the wildest confusion and disorder.

At 12 M. our guests began to assemble. At 1/2 past 2 P. M., they were seated and the Dinner went off with a fine relish, and enjoyment. At 7 in the evening the young people assembled for a “Social party.” The party went off with much hilarity and good feeling.

Dispersed at 11 o’clock.



JANUARY, 1854.

Sunday, 1.–A happy New Year! Clear and pleasant morning for the first day of the year.

The house is silent, our Company dispersed. A good time for serious reflection upon the fleeting and unsubstantial enjoyments of this world. The old year, ‘53, passed out last night amid the moanings and wild and unearthly shrieks of a furious N. W. wind.

Pleasant day. Lonesome–no one called upon us to-day.

Wednesday, 4.–lnvited to a dinner party at F. A. Hicks’s to-day.

Attended and found a goodly company. Had a splendid dinner. At night the young people had a party.

Thursday, 5.–Went down to attend the session of the Treaty Committee, and in the absence of J. Walker, was appointed Clerk. Proje[c]ts of Treaties were submitted to the consideration of the Committee by Clark and myself. These were discussed till sunset, then adjourned. An awful[ly] cold and windy day. Came home, and glad to reach my own fireside.

Sunday, 8.–Wrote a long letter to A. Guthrie.

Monday, 9.–Attended the session of the Committee. Came home in the evening. M. R. & J. Walker came over, and staid till bed-time, discussing treaty making matters.

Tuesday, 10.–Harriet gone to Kansas on a visit to the Campbells.

Sun set clear. Writing a long letter to Joseph Howard in Washington.

Wednesday, 11.–Got up too early. We were deceived by our silly Chanticleers tuning up their pipes at an unseasonable hour.

Succeeded in extracting a troublesome tooth from my Jaw, with my fingers, instead of Forceps and Turnkeys. Farewell, old grinder! Well, I am getting dismembered. I am


getting “small by degrees” and unhandsomely “less. I am in the beginning of ‘54, one tooth less than in ‘53.

Thursday, 12.–Attended the session of the Treaty Committee. Came home in the evening.

Received two letters from A. Guthrie. In trouble again. Wants certificates to prove his charges against Commissioner Manypenny. I can’t help him much.

Friday, 13.–Wrote a long letter to A. Guthrie. Cold all day.

Saturday, 14.–Harriet returned from her visit to the “Campbells.”

Monday, 16.–Commenced reading “Guy Mannering” by W. Scott.

Wrote a memorial to the Department of the Interior on the subject of some grants of land by the Treaty of Upper Sandusky, O.

Wednesday, 18.–Got our mail. Rec’d thro’ M. R. W. some letters. One from A. Guthrie, and [one] from J. T. Jones, of Circleville, O.

Finished reading Guy Mannering.

Thursday, 19.–Attended the session of the Treaty Committee. Come home in the evening.

Friday, 20.–The ground is white with snow and sleet.

This day (it is now 2 P. M.) may well be compared to one of Iceland’s brag days. Done nothing but carry wood and keep a burning log heap in my fire-place. Everything out doors bears a dreary and chilling aspect, at once depressing.and cheerless. Whew! but this will be a stinging night!

Monday, 23.–Attended the session of the Treaty Committee. Came home in the evening.

Thursday, 26.–Attended the session of the Committee. In the evening, wind from the North.

Saturday, 28.–Sent Baptiste to Kansas. Rec’d an “Ohio State Journal.” This is the amount of my mail. Guthrie


out on Col. Manypenny again. The former, I fear, will come off second best. He is imprudent and rash.

Miss Armstrong and Miss Hunter called to-day.

Sunday, 29.–Attended the session of the Committee. Warm afternoon.

Tuesday, 31.–Went to town, expecting Maj. Robinson over. Staid till 12 o’clock. Came home. The Sheriff called upon me and informed me that he had arrived and desired my attendance. He paid over to the Chiefs the amount of the appropriation, $2,285.00. Then gave notice that he [would] pay over to the heads of families the $5,000.00 of which he was minus at the Payment of the Annuity last fall.


Wednesday, 1.–To-day the Chiefs are to pay out the public liabilities. Attended to the disbursement of the public liabilities.

Friday, 3.–Sick.

Saturday, 4.–Engaged, sick as I am, in making out the Pay Rolls. Heck repaired the Clock.

Sunday, 5.–Confined to bed part of the time, and a part [of the time] employed on the Pay Rolls.

J. W. Garrett and Lady spent the evening with us.

Tuesday, 7.–Finished the Pay Rolls.

I was visited to-day by a creature made after the manner of men, but whose actions, talk, and every movement went to prove what –I had ever before doubted, that it is possible for all the evils–all that is depraved–all that is devilish–all that is abominable–all that is brutal, and, in short, all that disgraces human nature, can be concentrated in one individual. I have known this creature about 30 years. I place on record that, from and after Tuesday, Feb. 7, ‘54, I know him no more as a MAN.

Wednesday, 8.–Bed-fast. Doctor Wright attending on


me. My complaint, inflammation of the lungs. Symtoms alarming.

MARCH, 1854.

Saturday, 4.–I am now able to set up a few minutes at a time, being, wearied with the recumbent position I have so long been compelled to submit to.

Rev. E. T. Peery and Lady called over and spent the day.

Sunday, 5.–Our folks went to Church, and I kept my bed. M. R. W. and J. Walker called upon me.

Monday, 6.–Mending slowly. The Treaty Committee meet to-day.

Tuesday, 7.–Regaining my strength slowly.

Thursday, 9.–Cold and blustering day.

Ennui–Vaporish–Low spirits–.

Friday, 10.–Clear and pleasant. Harriet, and Baptiste went to Kansas. Got three newspapers–read everything in them.

Saturday, 11.–Clear, frosty morning. Sent Baptiste to the Post Office, and got one paper.

Sunday, 12.–In the evening Mr. Searcy and a Doctor Bacon from Liberty called upon us.

Monday, 13.–Heard that J. S. Coon was killed in a drunken brawl, by [a] Negro, near Memphis.

Thursday, 16.–Isaac P. Driver engaged in repairing the yard and Garden fences.

J. D. Brown called and spent the evening with us.

Friday, 17.–Cold and blustering all day It is said there are cases of Canine madness among the dogs in the neighborhood. Exterminate them!

Saturday, 18.–My boy Baptiste, having completed his three months service, the length of time for which I engaged him, went home to-day.


Sunday, 19.–Cold morning. Having but little else to write I will record the vote in the Senate on the passage of the Nebraska and Kansas Territorial Bill.

Yeas. Adams, Atchison, Badger, Bayard, Benjamin, Broadhead, Brown, Butler, Cass, Clay, Dawson, Dixon, Dodge, Douglas, Evans, Fitzpatrick, Geyer, Given, Hunter, Johnston, Jones, Masterson, Morris, Petit, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Slidell, Stewart, Thompson of Ky., Thompson of N. J., Toucey, Weller, & Williams 35.

Nays. Belle, Chase, Dodge of W., Fessenden, Fish, Foot., Hamlin, Jones, Smith, Sumner, Wade, Bright.

Monday, 20.–Raining. James Bearskin came to work. J. W. Garrett called and staid a while.

In the evening J. D. Brown called and staid till night. It has been a damp misty day.

Tuesday, 21.–The heavens hung with a black drapery.

About 1 o’clock P. M. the sky cleared up and the afternoon was warm and pleasant.

Thursday, 23.–Clear, frosty morning. I have my old difficulties in hiring bands. I hired James Bearskin for half a month. He went off last evening to get his Boot repaired, but I suspect [he] has gone to Kansas and is on a sprey. This is the last of the vagabond.

Went to Kansas, waited four or five hours for Major Robinson, who had requested me to meet him there, but [he] did not make his appearance.

Sunday, 26.–Cold and cloudy morning. Furnished a Passport to Susannah Williams.

Tuesday, 28.–Whew! snow on the ground. Therm. below Freezing point. Storm, Rain, Snow, Sleet, “in an horrible tempest.” March came in like a Lamb and is going out like the Devil.

Wednesday, 29.–Everything out of doors covered with


ice. Raining, sleet and snow. 12 o’clock A. M., raining. Horrible weather truly.

Heard that Hon. Thomas Johnston, Delegate elect from this Territory returned from Washington yesterday.

“Turn a new leaf” for April.

APRIL, 1854.

Saturday, 1.–”All fools day.” Clear and frosty, Therm. 25o. The fruit, I apprehend, is as dead as a mackerel.

Sent a letter for Mr Green and one for Dr Carter to the P. 0.

Some “warmint” has taken up his Quarters in either the corn-crib, Stable, or Hen-house and commits continual nocturnal depreditions upon the poultry and Eggs. It is either a mink, Weasel, or Polecat.

Sunday, 2.–Well this will do very well for the 2nd day of April.

As soon as I got up I peeped out and lo! a white glittering frost. I next peeped at the Thermometer and guess what? 15o!! yes, within 15o of zero. This temperature we ought to have had in January.

Farewell Fruit!

“Sic transit gloria mundi.

Fifteen degrees for this Sunday.

Machine poetry.

Wind shifted “right about face,” after having done all the harm by its cold Northern blasts and frost on the fruit.

Monday, 3.–Mr Brainson ploughing our Garden. Ground too wet, but go ahead.

Went to attend a meeting of the Committee when the project of the Treaty was read and received, amended and adopted.

Tuesday, 4.–To-day the Council meets and I really do not see how I am to attend, unless it calls a halt. I attended after the rain held up.


Thursday, 6.–Went up to Westport to meet Major Robinson. Got my Quarter’s pay. Came home.

Saturday, 8.–This day 30 years ago I was made double by being spliced with a rib.

Sunday, 9.–In the evening tho’ kept a profound secret, a wedding came off at the Parsonage. But it was not as much of a secret as the getters-up supposed, for at night a real original Charivari wound up the evenings entertainment. The Bride was Miss Catharine Ann Dofflemeyer and the Groom, G. W. King, alias G. W. Thompson.

“The sweet concordant sounds” produced by a union of Drums, Tin Pans, Tin Horns, Sleigh Bells and everything capable of producing a racket, were faithfully used till 11 o’clock to the no small annoyance of the Parson.

Monday, 10.–My execrations upon mail contractors! Twice have I sent to the P. 0. and the cry is “Nothing for you”: when I ought to have a half Bushel of papers.

Tuesday, 11.–Attended the session of the Council. Martha’s application for a divorce from William Gilmore was taken up and considered. A decree made dissolving the marriage tie.

The Delaware and Shawnee delegation left Kansas to-day for Washington, on board the “Polar Star.”

Saturday, 15.–Clear and cold morning, but thanks to a Kind Providence no frost. The fruit has thus far escaped.

Sunday, 16-A few days ago I received a letter from Lyman C. Draper, Esq., notifying me of my election to an Honorary Membership of the Historical Society of Wisconsin. So, I must prepare a paper for a contribution. What can I do? Well, I will hatch up something.

Monday, 17.–Therm. at daylight, 22o! A hard freeze. This may truly be called “a nipping frost.” It has effectually nipp’d the fruit, the peaches and plums especially.

Tuesday, 18.–And sure enough, another severe frost. So


we have it. Keep it up till August. “Storm after storm” and frost after frost.

Went to attend the session of the Council.

Mrs W. went to Kansas to purchase family supplies.

Another Boat-load of Danish Mormans landed at the Pond.

MAY, 1854.

Sunday, 14.–Wrote a long letter to John H. Cotter, in California.

Monday, 15.–Went in pursuit of my horses. Found them, secured one, but could not drive the other, nor would he follow. I came home, saddled up and went in pursuit. I soon found him; then we had a regular steeple chase. I ran him all over the country with a long Goad in my hand and whenever I got near enough, I plied him with it. Getting weary of the sport, he turned his head homeward. By way of punishment for his perverse conduct, I fastened a heavy toggle to his fore leg to regulate his powers of locomotion.

Tuesday, 16.–In the evening we were favored with the company of some young Ladies who staid all night.

Thursday, 18.–Beautiful and calm morning. At 10 o’clock the “Sons of Temperance” assembled at the Lodge and marched in procession to a grove near Silas Armstrong’s to celebrate the Anniversary of the formation of the Division. The exercises commenced by the presentation to the Division of the Bible by Miss Tabitha Armstrong, accompanied with a suitable address which was received and responded to by Cyrus Garrett. An ode was then sung. Then the presentation of a Banner by the Ladies of Wyandott, thro’ Miss Harriet Walker, accompanied with a thrilling speech prepared for the occasion. Then another Temperance Ode was sung. An eloquent speech was then delivered by a Mr Mil


ler of Parkville. Several [other] speeches were delivered when the Division marched back to their Lodge.

Of the banner I would say the Upholster imposed upon the Ladies most scandalously. It is entirely too small, and the Artistic work bunglingly done; and [he] charged them $19.00 [for it].

Friday, 19.–In the afternoon [I] employed myself in writing letters, or rather answering a pile I have on my table.

Saturday, 20.–Cloudy and an occasional sprinkling of rain.

But it turned out [a] pleasant and cool day. Wrote nearly all day.

Sunday, 21.–Clear morning and it turned out a pleasant day.

Wrote to C. Carpenter and P. Muir. Took a stroll and called upon Matthew [R. Walker] spent some time in social chat with him and family.

Monday, 22.–Cool morning. Worked in my Garden. Pleasant day. The Kansas River rising. Cool and pleasant evening. The Delaware and Shawnee Chiefs returned.

Tuesday, 23.–Harriet gave a party to the young Ladies and Gentlemen of the neighborhood. They were a real set of romps, and enjoyed themselves to the life, and the party broke up about 11 o’clock at night, all in the best possible humor.

Thursday, 25.–Rec’d two letters; one from Col. Browne of Maryland, and another from a G. W. Brown of Coneautville, Penna., an Abolition Editor.

It is supposed the Nebraska-Kansas bill has passed the House. So mote it be.

Friday, 26.–Raining. This is the day for the Solar Eclipse. Showery and cloudy. Looking out for the appearance of the Eclipse.

Well, the Eclipse came off, but if we had not been previously informed by the Almanac, we never would have been


favored with the phenomena. By the use of a piece of smoked glass we could perceive the new moon which had just changed, passing over the Northern limb; but the obscuration was scarcely perceptible. This partial Eclipse lasted a little over two hours. The drifting clouds and occasional showers frequently bid the two luminaries from our view.

Saturday, 27.–It is supposed the Nebraska-Kansas Bill has passed the House.

The brethern of the “Mystic tie” are about forming a Lodge in Wyandott.

Monday, 29.–To-day the great Rail Road meeting comes off at Parkville. It was my intention to have attended, but such is the inclemency of the weather that I am deter’d from venturing out.

Went in search of Miss Topsey who was supposed to be the happy mother of a young one. I searched all day, glen and thicket, hill and dale, without success. In the evening she came up with the beautiful little one.

Tuesday, 30.–Harriet and several of her cronies have gone up to the Prairies on a Strawberry frolic.

Wrote to Col. O. H. Browne. Martha returned from Kansas, and all I got was an obscure Ohio Newspaper and Mr Senator Norris’s speech on the Nebraska and Kansas Bill. Well, this was truly a sad disappointment! When in fact I expected to hear from the great Russo-Turco-Anglo-Gaulo War, and [to] bear of the Territorial Bill being passed, a few duels in Congress, the innexation of Cuba and the Polynesian Isles, the chaining of the Devil a thousand years. But I have heard nothing!

Wednesday, 31.–Engaged in answering a letter I received from an Abolition Editor in Pennsylvania.


JUNE, 1854.

Thursday, 1.–Resumed my letter to the Penna. Editor and finished [it], making eleven pages of manuscript. Wrote also to Mrs E. J. Barrett, now at Morristown, Ohio.

Friday, 2.–Clear and beautiful morning. Settled with Dan’l Dofflemeyer for putting in my Oats crop and hauling cordwood. Sent the Domestic to Kansas for our mail.

The Charter granted by King Charles the Second, to the Hudson Bay Company, is dated 1670.

Saturday, 3.–Mrs W. [and I] and Mr and Mrs Priestley went over to Esquire McGee’s to execute deeds, but unfortunately he was away from home. We came home without accomplishing our business. So we have another trip to make.

Sunday, 4.–Rainy. Mr J. K. Goodin and family came over from Kansas to stay a few days. They are from Hardin County, Ohio.

Monday, 5.–Clear morning. Mr G. set out for Fort Riley on an exploring tour.

Lost our Ferry Boat again.

Tuesday, 6.–Attended the session of the Council.

Tuesday, 13.–Attended the session of the Council. Major Robinson present, and paid to the Council the half year’s School fund.

A certain infamous Doctor landed, from Franklin County, Ohio, having his equally infamous family with him.

Wednesday, 14.–Mrs Goodin left, intending to go to Weston to rejoin her husband.

Thursday, 15.–J. Walker, and the—-X—-called upon us to-day. Impudence brazen faced, on the part of the latter.

Saturday, 17.–Clear and pleasant morning. Went to mill for the first time in Wyandott, and got my grist ground.


heard of the recovery of the Ferry Boat. Mr McQuiddy and a Mr Allen called and spent the afternoon.

Sunday, 18.–Staid at home all day. Wrote a comniunication for the “Cadiz Sentinel.”

Monday, 19.–Clear and beautiful morning. Mrs W. and I took a ride on the banks of the Rio. Missouri.

Tuesday, 20.–The Council held a session to-day, but I did not attend.

Wednesday, 21.–Clear and bright morning. I do earnestly [hope] these everlasting drenching rains will cease for awhile, that those sluices in the Clouds will be for a season closed up and if need be, sent to some drouthy part of the globe

We have had no mail for near two weeks for the want of a Boat to cross the river. Altho’ the Boat was caught at Richfield, about forty miles from here, yet our worthless Council and still more worthless Ferryman take no steps towards getting it bro’t up again. A pretty set of fellows to want to maintain a separate government.

Splendid evening. The bright Luminary of day receded slowly behind the Western Hills with a most smiling and agreeable face.

Thursday, 22.–Beautiful morning, promising a beautiful tho’ warm day.

Went to the city of Wyandott, and found the City deserted; all gone out into the country.

Saturday, 24.–Bright and warm morning. Harriet and Sarah Driver set out for Kansas, riding to, the river and footing it the rest of the road. A warm time they’ve had of it.

At night we were alarmed by Harriets illness. Nervous headache and vertigo.

I have thus closed my scrap and fragmentary Diary. This the 25 day [of] June A. D. 1854.

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