enǫhkwaˀt            It is medicine.


enǫhkwat                     feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – be medicine + stative aspect

Medicine Wheel

enǫhkwaʼt       d’                     ukwęnǫdih                  It is medicine that is round.

it is medicine   that which       it is round, a circle

ukwędǫdih            It is round, a circle.


u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-k-                    semi-reflexive

-węnǫdi-          verb root – be round

-h                     stative aspect


Doctor,  cure, heal  -tsęʼt-

hatetsęˀkaˀ             He goes curing, doctoring.


h-                     masculine singular agent – he

-ate-                 semi-reflexive

-tsęˀ-                verb root – cure, doctor

-k                     dislocative root suffix

-aˀ                    habitual aspect


usahutsęˀt              He healed him.


u-                     factual

-s-                    repetitive

-a-                    factual

-hu-                  masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him

-tsęʼt-               verb root – cure, heal, doctor + punctual aspect


hǫnteˀtsęhs           They (m) cure her.


hǫn-                 masculine plural agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – they (m) – her

-te-                   semi-reflexive

-ˀtsę-                verb root – cure, heal

-hs                   habitual aspect


be right, straight – -eri-

This verb root only refers to getting or being well when it is used with the repetitive prefix, giving the sense of ‘right again.’

usažuwerih           She is well.


u-                     factual

-s-                    repetitive

-až-                  factual

-uw-                 feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-eri-                  verb root -be well

-h                     punctual










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