The subjunctive -te- [teh] presents a hypothetical situation, as in the English ‘If I were prime minister.’  There are not many examples of this in the Narratives.  They take the stative aspect.

tewayeˀngyaih      if I were married


tew-                 subjunctive

-aye-                1st person singular patient – I

-ngya-              verb root – marry

-ih                    stative aspect


tanyǫnyendaˀǫh    If one seizes, catches me


t-                      subjunctive

-anyǫy-            indefinite  agent + 1st person singular patient

-endaˀǫ-           verb root – seize

-h                     stative aspect



de[1]       samęngyerih                            tehstǫt

if          you are agreeable                    if you give it to me


If you are agreeable and give it to me.


tehstǫt                  If you give it to me.


te-                    subjunctive

-hs-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-tǫt                   verb root – give + stative aspect


te samęngyerih                        utǫrǫtǫh                       eyonyažaˀsęˀ

if you are willing                     it is plenty                   I will pay you


If you are willing, I will pay you plenty ”


tesamęngyerih     If you are willing.


te-                    subjunctive

-sa-                  2nd person singular patient – you

-męng-             noun root – word

-yerih               verb root – be correct + stative aspect









[1] If there are two verbs in a row with the subjunctive, the first one can be represented with a -de-.

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.