The Future in Wyandot


The future is the second most common modal.  It is represented by -e- [eh].  It simply means will or shall. It usually takes the punctual aspect, but in a few instances (15 – 446 in the Narratives) it takes the purposive aspect.

ehutingyakaˀ                  They (m) will get married.


e-                                 future

-huti-                            masculine plural patient – they (m)

-ngya-                          verb root – to marry

-kaˀ                              punctual aspect


eskǫnǫht                        I will take you back with me.


e-                                 future

-s-                                repetitive

-kǫ-                              1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient – I – you

-nǫht                            verb root – to take along + punctual aspect

teˀtreˀ                              He will come back.


t-                                  dualic[1]

-eˀ-                               future

-t-                                 cislocative

-r-                                masculine singular patient – he

-e-                                verb root – to come, go

-ˀ                                  punctual aspect

tęšeˀtahaˀ                         You (s) will stand.


t-                                  dualic[2]

-ę-                                future

še-                                2nd person singular agent –  you (s)

-ˀt-                                verb root – to stand

-aha-                            inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                                  punctual aspect

ehšayęhąˀ             You will go out.


e-                     future

-hš-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-ayę-                verb root – to go out

-hą-                  inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

With Purposive Aspect

teˀuˀngyandiˀndeˀ   It will not be a long time. It is not going to be a long time.


t-                      negative

-eˀ-                   future

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ˀngyandi-        verb root – to be a long time

-ˀnd-                 dislocative root suffix

-eˀ                    purposive aspect

ewayerutsindeh     A sled will be taking me.  A sled is going to take me.


ew-      future

-aye-    feminine-zoic singular agent – 1st person singular patient – it – me

-ruts-    noun root – sled

-ind-     verb root – to drag

-eh       purposive aspect










[1] The combination of the dualic and the cislocative has essentially the same meaning as the repetitive alone.

[2] The verb root -ˀt- ‘to stand’ automatically takes the dualic.

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