The Populative in Wyandot


The populative suffix is used to refer to ‘a people’.  This usually means a clan or a nation.  While it different in some ways from the others, I am calling it a root suffix.



ekyǫnǫtaterunǫh People where there is a hill or mountain (Petun ancestors of the Wyandot)[1]


eky-                 cislocative

-ǫ-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-nǫt-                 noun root – mountain or hill

-a-                    noun suffix

-te-                   verb root – to be, exist

-runǫ               populative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect


uwatayuhrunǫh       People in a cave; Cherokee.


u-                     feminine-zoic patient ‘it’

-wat-                noun root ‘cave’

-ayu-                verb root ‘to be inside’

-runǫ               populative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect



hatingǫtrunǫh               Snake clan (‘people of the snake charm’)


hati-                             masculine plural agent – ‘they (m)

-ngǫt-                           noun root ‘snake charm’

-runǫ                           populative  root suffix

-h                                 stative aspect


yehtižurunǫh                  large field people; Prairie Turtle clan


yeht-                            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – field

-ižu-                             verb root – to be great, large

-runǫ-                         populative root suffix

-h                                 stative aspect


People Inside the Earth


ǫndehšurunǫˀ      people inside the earth: demons, the devil


ǫnde-               feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to have as country

-hš-                  nominalizer

-u-                    verb root – to be inside

-runǫ-              populative root suffix

-ˀ                      stative aspect





[1] In the historical record, this is usually shortened down by excluding the populative suffix.

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